Designing the perfect keeper league

In trying to set up the first keeper league I’ve ever been a part of, I’m a little daunted by the challenges it presents. I’ve tried to stick to the most common settings out there (standard BA, R, HR, RBI, SB, W, SV, K, ERA, WHIP, $260 per team) to help increase my chances of being able to blatantly rip off someone else’s rule set. But I’ve still come up empty so far.

In my eyes, the perfect keeper league must do the following:

  1. Allow managers to get an advantage if they select players who outperform the consensus expectations

  2. Ensure such an advantage is small enough that it isn’t a deterrent to keeping other managers interested in competing in the future

That’s it. Two constraints—should be easy, right? If only it were.

I’ve heard a number of ideas so far. One is that each manager can keep up to X players, and those players constitute his or her first X picks in next year’s draft. If all but one manager keep at least two players, that final manager will have the only first round pick and the only second round pick, from which he can take any available player. The problem here is that if your 2008 draft contains a poor first round pick, you’ll have a hard time keeping anyone else because your first player kept counts as your first round pick in 2009.

If you grabbed Prince Fielder in the first round of 2008 and Lance Berkman in the second round, and wanted to keep only Berkman in 2009, he’d occupy your first round slot. He’s not a bargain there at all—actually a poor choice—but if you could keep him as a second rounder, you probably would. For this reason, I think Keeper Rule No. 1 is violated by this rule set, and therefore I don’t see it as optimal.

Another classic keeper rule is that each manager can keep players for the next season’s draft by using their draft pick one round sooner than they were picked in the current year. So if you picked Manny Ramirez in the fourth round in 2008, you could keep him as your third round pick in 2009. Might not be a bad idea, if you think he will be properly motivated this year. The problem, however, is that for truly low-round prospects that are gambled on, the payoff can potentially violate Keeper Rule No. 2.

In 2006, I drafted Jonathan Papelbon in the 14th round—a reasonable gamble, as he had very good call-up stats but it was uncertain whether he’d be the closer or a fourth or fifth starter. Even if it was a keeper league that forced me to draft him two spots sooner each successive year, he’d have been a 12th rounder in 2007, and 10th rounder in 2008, and probably would continue to be a bargain through at least the 2010 season. That, I believe, is a little too much value gained on an errant 14th round pick one season, and the advantage gained from that one fortunate draft pick would probably seem excessive to most.

What about auction drafts? Typical auctions allow for a budget of $260 to be spent on 26 players, with a minimum of $1 to purchase a player. One keeper rule I’ve heard is that the price to keep a player the following year is simply what you paid this year plus some fixed amount (such as $5). Much like the rule above, this ensures you won’t get to keep a bargain forever. However, given the range of typical player values ($1 to about $50), it can take many years for one lucky pick to stop giving outlandish benefits to its manager. Papelbon may have cost $4 in 2006, thus making him a $9 steal in 2007, a $14 robbery in 2008, and so forth. This rule, like the one above, seems to me to violate Keeper Rule No. 2.

One could also auction each player each year, with the previous season’s owner getting the right of final purchase. If you owned Alex Rodriguez in 2008, he would be up for auction amongst the other players in your league for 2009. Whenever that auction found a winning bid, you as the current owner would have the right to match that price to keep him. If you decide to do so, there is no further bidding; your price has been set by the “market” of other managers. If you decline, the highest bidder gets him.

In this rule set, I find it hard to imagine too many players would be kept, because an efficient market (the other players in the league) would typically be willing to pay a player’s expected value each successive year. Or perhaps more, since in an auction the winner typically overpays for the good for sale; the current owner would have no reason to ever keep someone. This would violate Keeper Rule No. 1— benefit would be afforded to those making good decisions in the past.

However, one could add a discount to solve this. Imagine the current owner got to keep a player at 15 percent less than the other managers’ final bid price. In such a case, it would almost universally be in the interest of the current owner to keep his player. Other ramifications would follow, however: managers could theoretically overbid for a player by 10 percent, knowing that once 15 percent is knocked off of the final value, the current owner is still getting a slightly good deal and would benefit from picking up the player at ever so slightly below his actual value. For this reason, I believe this rule set still violates Keeper Rule No. 1, in that it actually does not afford enough advantage to managers making good decisions.

Finally, we come to the actual league rule I’ve found to best mix the interests of Keeper Rule No. 1 and Keeper Rule No. 2. It’s predicated upon an auction format with standardized categories for which many projections and price guides exist. The league decides on a publicly-available price guide, from which player values are derived. Each season, managers can keep as many players as they wish, with their next season’s price being equal to the average of each season’s price guide value during which he or she owned the player.

For players whose value doesn’t change much over time—Albert Pujols for example—no advantage is derived by keeping him. He typically costs around $40, he’s typically worth around $40, and his price guide price is typically around $40. For prospects, I believe the system still works. If you picked up Papelbon for $4 (his price guide value) in 2006, his price guide value before the 2007 season would reflect his new value as an elite closer with one season of great numbers – say, $20. Your price to keep him for 2007 would be ($4 + $20) / 2 = $12. When he put up tremendous numbers in 2007 once more, he would likely have been valued around $24 going into the 2008 season. Your price to keep him then would be ($4 + $20 + $24) / 3 = $16.

There’s still a very large benefit to finding great players who are underrated for a season—as you can see, in 2008 Papelbon was likely a $20+ player who could be kept for $16—but he is one of the stronger examples of coming out of nowhere one season to become an elite player. And, as opposed to the system in which price goes up by a fixed amount each season, this system more quickly aligns a player’s cost to his true value.

The point of this article was to present some ideas about how to construct the “perfect” keeper league. I’d love to hear some feedback about what you’ve seen or heard of that might work better than any of these—specifically if they’re better than the final rule set, because that’s what I’m leaning towards at the moment.

Print Friendly
 Share on Facebook0Tweet about this on Twitter0Share on Google+0Share on Reddit0Email this to someone
« Previous: How to measure a player’s value (Part 3)
Next: Today at THT »

Comments

  1. Mike Ketchen said...

    Hey Mike,

    I play in a keeper league with a pretty sweet set up and we use CBS software. It is a deep league (14T, 2 7t divisions) that runs as follows. In year one we had an auction with a starting salary of $300.
    The scoring cats were BA,HR,R,SB,BI and W, WHIP, K,ERA,S&Hlds;combined (we emailed cbs and they were able to make them combined for us)
    We field 9 hitters and 5Sp and 4Rp.

    Now what makes the league great is the keeper concept. Rather then keep a set number of players. You can keep up to $150 in salary. Every player can be kept for a maximum of 5 seasons. However after yr 2/3 you have to decide to either

    A) Increase the player to a 5yr deal which in turn bumps his salary by $5 for the remainder of the deal.
    B)Put him on 3/3 deal which keeps his salary the same for the upcoming season, but he becomes a FA after the yr.
    C) Waive the player in yr 2/3 and get hit for half his salary off you $150 cap for that season.

    This makes looking for value incredibly important and adds another element of skill to it all. It also rewards more owners for finding cheap talent and great budget deals where as in a traditonal keeper league you have to throw back some of your great finds to owners who didnt have the foresight you did.

    If you want an exact copy of the rules feel free to shoot me an email and good luck.

  2. Max Thand said...

    I have played in an auction keeper league for many years, and I believe out keeper system does not violate either of your two rules.  Our system works like this…
    1.  Any player whom you draft for $10 or less, and keep on your roster for the whole season, is eligible to be kept next year at the same price.
    2.  You can only keep a player for one year after you original draft him.
    3.  you can keep a maximum of 3 players in any year.

    We have found that this system allows managers to reap the benefits of drafting under the radar players, yet the rewards are not too high to deter managers who have no keepers from participating.

    I think you left out one rule though.  I think any keeper system should not overly diminish the importance of the draft.  The draft is the single best day of the fantasy season.  If most of the top players are already kept, the importance and excitement of the draft day is impaired.  Our system ensures that most of the top players are avail to everyone.

  3. Ryan said...

    I’m a member of a long term keeper league and I think our rules work out very well. Our categories are non-standard but the rules should apply well to all leagues. When use an auction, $260 budget, min $1 per player. When you draft a player, you are signing them to a 2 year contract, meaning you can keep them this year and next year for the same price. You can also drop them between years at will. After the expiration of that contract, you can either sign them to a third “option” year at the same price, after which the player will have to go back into the auction pool, or you can sign him to a “long term” contract for his previous contract’s price plus $5 for each year you want to sign him. So, a formerly $2 player signed for 3 years would cost $17 for each of those years. However, unlike the draft contract, a long term contract is fixed, meaning you have to keep him on your roster for all of those years regardless of whether he goes into the tank or explodes.

    We also have a supplemental draft to get our benches, with the first round picks getting $8 contracts, the second $6, third $4, and the rest $2 until you fill up your bench. After the first day of the season, there is no in-season salary cap, meaning you can trade for all the high priced talent you want. You just won’t be able to afford to keep them in future years.

    I think this keeps in line with the two magic rules of keeper leagues. First, managers are rewarded for finding bargains on draft day, because they have rights to those players for at least three years, and perhaps longer. Second, those at the bottom of the league have an incentive to keep competing, because guess what happens near the trade deadline? Those at the bottom of the standings trade their good players (because everyone has some good players due to the nature of an auction) to teams at the top for quality contracts.

    I’ve only been in this league for one year, but it’s the best set of keeper rules I’ve ever seen.

  4. Jeff said...

    Our system works well. $260 budget. You can keep up to $100 worth of players, and you lose that money at the auction.

    A player can be kept his second year for the same salary, though anyone below $5 is bumped up to $5.

    In third year, you can either sign the player for one more year at salary +$5, or 3 more years with a $5 bump each year. If you go long term, you can’t cut the player without a penalty—namely, you lose half of his current salary at the next auction.

  5. Adam said...

    I am in a standard keeper league that uses an idea similar to your “average of auction guide” idea.  In our first year of owning a player, he can be kept at a round equal to where he was picked the year before.  In subsequent years, he can be kept at the round equal to the average of where he was kept the year before and the current round that he is being taken in standard drafts.

    If Ryan Braun was taken in the 15th round in 2007, he can be kept in the 15th round in 2008.  If, on average, he goes in the 3rd round in 2009, then he can be kept in the (15+3)/2 = 9th round in 2009.  If in 2010 he is taken on average in the 1st round, he can be kept in the (9+1)/2 = 5th round.  This way, you still get value for your smart pick in 2008 (Rule No. 1), but it’s marginal advantage is decreased the longer that you keep him (Rule No. 2).

  6. Jon said...

    I don’t see what’s wrong with “normal” rules.  If I have a great keeper list, why shouldn’t I be able to keep my players.

    Believe me, if you have a good league with competitive owners, the strength of one team’s keeper list is NOT enough to deter other teams from competing.

    Plus, it is extremely rare that one team is that strong (I can only think of one case, in my 12 years in my current league, and that team finished in 3rd place!  You never know what will happen.)  Usually there will be at least 3-5 “strong” teams going into a season – typically the players who dumped the previous year and picked up some good keepers.

    What’s wrong with this?  The teams that went for it the previous year got to have a chance to win.  The teams that dumped have a better chance this year, but again, anything can happen.

    Keeper leagues typically go on a 2-year cycle.  If I trade all my keepers away to someone who is dumping this year in my quest for the title, I know that my chances next year aren’t that great.  But when you have long-term owners, that makes it fun.

  7. Xeifrank said...

    I invented the keeper system for slotting keepers into the position in the draft that they were originally drafted in.  We did this because we wanted to use Yahoo fantasy baseball and they didn’t have an option at that time for keeper leagues and we were located all over the US and couldn’t conveniently get together at one time online to do an auction draft.  In our keeper system that is now in it’s 5th year, if you draft a player in the 4th round, if you keep him the next year he gets slotted as your 4th round pick.  3rd round if you keep him for two years, and 2nd round if you keep him for three years.  Three years is the max length you can keep a player.  Players draft in the 1st round can only be kept for one additional year, players drafted in the 2nd round can only be kept for two additional years.  We have a collision formula to take care of the cases that two or more players slot to the same round.  Players picked up as free agents during the year, get slotted as 17th round picks in our 27 round draft.  If you drop a long-term keeper during the season you are penalized and lose a draft pick (we have a formula for this too).  That forfeited draft pick is moved to a supplemental round at the end of the draft.  We allow the trading of draft picks and you can keep a max of 8 players.  Where we don’t have a rule, we use Yahoo default rules.  It’s run pretty smooth so far.
    vr, Xei

  8. mymrbig said...

    I’m in 2 keeper leagues.

    In the auction league, you can keep up to 5 players a year and everyone’s price increases $5 per year.  This does violate rule #2 to some degree (I got Prince Fielder and Tim Lincecum for $1 in a few years do to some quirks in our league rules).  But the league is fairly competitive and everyone knows how beneficial it is to score cheap players (which the rule quirk allows to happen quite a bit).

    In the draft league, each player is assigned a point value based on the round he is drafted (1st round = 6 points, 2nd = 5 pts, 3rd/4th = 4 pts, etc.).  A manager can keep up to 6 players who total 10 points.  The kept players count as that managers draft pick for that round.  Every year a player is kept, he costs 1 more point to keep.  There is some rule #2 violation for this league too.

  9. Millsy said...

    I will have to warn you that keeper leagues with long-term contracts are much more complicated than at first glance.

    I am currently in a keeper league, the deepest and most complicated of any I’ve heard of (minor league drafts, auction, $300 cap, with 30 man rosters, 8 by 8 Head to Head 2 week Roto matchups, 160 ‘game’ seasons, and 20 teams…yes…20 teams, caps and floors on pitching and games,…e also have compensation picks, tradeable debt, and half-life contract value if contracts are terminated…delving into arbitration).

    It’s the 4th year now and we’re still pounding out rules.  Every year someone comes up with something new (it’s a lot of very smart young guys, future JD’s, MD’s, PhD’s, top journalism school grads, NSA employees, etc.).  We are recently in an argument about debt trading and transforming contract obligations into more liquid assets for incremental trading.  (I’ll give you a minor league draft pick to take $2 debt).  Trading contract obligations has been a well known part of the league for the past year and a half.  However, a recent idea by myself and another owner, has people in fits.

    Certain owners are in different situations.  Like a real league, some are rebuilding, others are ready to win this year (me), and some are in the middle.  Many are willing to take a dollar or two to improve next year, whereas my strategy has been to trade for minor leaguers that people undervalue (I’m decent at this…Carlos Quentin, Adrian Gonzalez, Troy Tulowitzki, Taylor Teagarden, Kellen Kulbacki, Nick Adenhart have all gotten me big returns at $1 or minor leagues…they are all low draft picks in the draft or traded for before).

    Unfortunately, myself and a colleague devised a plan to liquidate the contract of Jake Peavy ($31) because the bottom is falling out of top tier pitcher contracts based on not having a start/IP limit.  People just load up on $1 starters and take 5 of the 8 categories, and buy all hitting.  I made the trade for Peavy with the expectation that this rule would be changed, as it was taken advantage of last season (just as no minimum IP had been taken advantage of before and was changed).

    Keep an eye out for anything.  You’ll find things you never even think of until you’re in the midst of a sh*tstorm.

  10. Millsy said...

    Our structure is as follows (remember that the Delmon Young example was constructed a few years ago, so the word ‘foolish’ is a little harsh):

    Salaries

    A player who has been under contract at the same salary during the season and whose service has been uninterrupted (that is, he has not been waived or released, although he may have been traded) must, prior to the announcing of keepers in the following season, be released; signed at the same salary for his option year; or signed to a guaranteed long-term contract.
    If released, the player returns to the free agent pool and becomes available to the highest bidder at the next season’s auction. If signed at the same salary for an option year, the player must be released back into the free agent pool at the end of that season. If signed to a guaranteed long-term contract, the player’s salary in each year covered by the new contract (which commences with the original auction value) shall be the sum of his current salary plus $3 for each additional year beyond the year that player was acquired in the auction. SEE EXAMPLES.
    NOTE: This rule is to prevent blue-chippers, low-priced rookies who blossom into superstars, and undervalued players from being tied up for the duration of their careers by the teams who originally drafted them. It guarantees periodic transfusions of top-flight talent for Auction Draft Day and provides rebuilding teams something to rebuild with. And it makes for some interesting decisions at keeper time.
    EXAMPLE

    You draft Delmon Young in the Minor League Draft. He costs $1. Signing Young to an option year contract would be foolish because you would only retain his services for 1 year at $1. You want to sign him to a guaranteed long-term contract. You decide to sign him through 2010. Young’s salary zooms to $13 per year ($1 (2006) + $3 (2007) + $3 (2008) + $3 (2009) + $3 (2010)), but he’s yours through the 2010 season. If he continues to mature as a ballplayer, you’ve got a bargain.

    You draft Roger Clemens in the Auction Draft. He costs $25. You want to sign him to an option year contract since he may retire soon. So you retain his services for another year at $25.

    NOTE: Once a player’s contract runs out, either option year or long-term, that player becomes a free agent.
    The cumulative salaries of players protected prior to Auction Draft Day are deducted from a team’s $300 expenditure limit, and the balance is available for acquisition of the remaining players needed to complete the team’s 25-man roster.

    NOTE: The following only applies to players that are signed to long-term contracts AND have more than one year left on their contract. In other words, if after the auction, a player is in the last year of his contract and will become a free agent after the season, he may be released at no cost to the owner.

    Penalties: (1) If you sign a player to a long-term contract and you release him, then you are deducted 50% of his contract in the first year, while reducing the penalties by another 50% each year until the contract is up; so in the example it would go from 13—-> 7——> 4 and so on. If after the deduction, the price results in a decimal, you round up. So for a $25 contract, it would cost an owner $12.5 = $13. This means that $13 would be deducted from your initial $300 before each preceding auction that player had been signed through. (2) If a player that is signed to a long-term contract is traded then the team that is trading the player AWAY is credited with a 25% deduction of his contract unless otherwise stated in the trade. In other words, a team may trade a player away, along with his contract penalty. The team that receives the player picks up 75% of his remaining contract. The team that is trading the player away MAY NOT take on more than 25% of the player’s remaining contract.

    NOTE: The team that receives the player MAY NOT sign that player to another contract. Once the contract runs out, then that player is released back into the free agent pool.
    NOTE: In terms of retirement or career ending injury, I feel an owner needs to take retirement into account when signing a player to a long-term contract, but in such a circumstance I think a reduction from the initial 50% penalty to a 10% penalty for each year should suffice.

    EXAMPLE

    Following from the Delmon Young example earlier, if you sign Young through 2010 with his new salary of $13, and after an unfortunate bat throwing incident he is thrown out of baseball, you want to release him. If you release him during the 2006 season, then you would be charged $13 * 50% = $6.5 and since we round up, it would cost you $7 for the first year; $13 * 25% = $3.25 or $4 for the second; and so on. Therefore, you would begin each of those years (2007-2010) with a cap penalty.

    If Delmon Young is traded, then the team that is trading away Delmon Young is credited with $13 * 25% = $3.25, and since we round up, it would cost you $4 for the first year; and so on as described. The team receiving Young now takes on 75% of his remaining contract which is now $9 for the first year; and so on. Remember, teams may also deal away the 25% contract penalty.
    Cap penalty acquired through both the release of a player under contract or through the trade of a player under contract may be traded.

    Keepers

    Each team is afforded 3 rookie/prospect slots which they may use or trade to retain players that are eligible as prospects. Prospect eligibility is determined by the following:

    1) Prospect was acquired via the Minor League Drafts or Trades and was not originally acquired via the auction or free agency.
    2) Prospect has never been moved out of your Minors, in other words, he hasn’t been on the bench or in the lineup at any point.

    Each team is afforded a maximum of 6 players in which they can retain, sign to an option year contract or to a guaranteed long-term contract, from their major league roster. A team may choose to retain additional minor leagues instead of major leaguers but must sign them to a contract. There is no minimum on the amount of players a team may retain allowing for teams to start from a clean slate.

    If you sign 6 players to long-term contracts you must keep them as your 6 keepers until their contracts expire, or release one if you choose to keep another player, resulting in a salary cap penalty. Therefore, it is advised to not sign all of your keepers to long-term contracts.

    Protected players will need to be declared by a designated date from the Commissioner. Email your team’s list either to the commissioner or post in the designated area of the Auction Board so each team knows who is available for the draft. The commissioner should promptly notify all teams in the League of each team’s protected roster, including player salaries, contract status, and amount available to spend in the Auction.

  11. cephyn said...

    I am in a draft league. We must keep 4 players – no more, no less. We also have a rule that the sum of “kept years” per player shall not exceed 12. Most teams churn about 2 players per year anyway, so it’s not a huge problem. But it gets guys back into the draft from time to time.

  12. Doug French said...

    We have a keeper league operating through an auction format.

    Each player has a dollar value that he was drafted at (MLB undrafted players come in at $10 default) and a “year” assigned. If it is the player’s “first year” he can be kept; second year players cannot be kept…so everyone goes through the draft at least every other year.

    Owners can only keep up to 10 first year players and their value comes off the $260 you start with in the auction. All unkept players go back in to the undrafted player pool if they are not drafted.

  13. rob said...

    I am in a 14 team, 6 keeper league.  Each team ended the season with 28-30 players (2 DL slots).  Based on Yahoo’s initial season rankings, each team selects one player of their top five ranked, one player who is ranked 6-10, etc.  In this setup, lots of high end talent hits the draft table, but each team has a decent foundation to build on.

  14. Terminator said...

    My keeper league uses the same categories and $260 budget. We draft 23 guys using an auction and then snake draft 7 additional guys (who all cost $0). We’re allowed to keep up to 4 players who were drafted plus at their original prices + $1,4,7,10 (respectively).

    Players picked up off waivers during the season aren’t eligible to be kept at all and go back into the draft pool along with all non-kept players. Players who are drafted and then dropped during the season aren’t eligible to be kept at any price. Players can be on a roster for a total of 3 years without having to go back into the draft pool (original season + being kept twice).

    The total cost of your keepers counts against the next auction budget. Trading a player doesn’t affect his keeper status.

    I’ll add that I don’t like the price guide rule. First of all, my league argues so much that we’d never be able to agree on a single guide or two. But regardless, many of the price guides are prepared in December and January, well ahead of the drafting season, when many free agents aren’t even signed yet (like Manny!). Yes, Pujols and A-Rod will be about what they usually are, but a lot of the mid-tier players or prospects will be greatly overvalued or undervalued.

    The guides are just guides. You can discount them or take them as the written word of God, but either way, the only true value of a player is what he’ll fetch in a the market place, which during an auction is dynamic.

    For example, if there’s a run on closers, then the price goes up. It’s happening in real time, which static months-old guides can’t evaluate.

  15. Matt said...

    This is the article (and more so, the comments) I’ve always hoped to see on here.  Great to see some other ideas of what people are doing with keeper leagues and what works or doesn’t work.

    Our keeper league is 10-Team Mixed (8×7) with 34-man rosters and a $500 salary cap.  All the players were initially auctioned, but from the 2nd year forward, we have both an auction (to sign “free agents”) and a draft to fill out the rest of the rosters.

    Each team signed 10 players (a diverse mix of veteran/prospect, expensive/cheap from team to team) to multi-year contracts within the following guidelines: 4-yr (1-3 players), 3-yr (2-5 players), and 2-yr (3-6 players). We also had positional requirements the 1st year only.  The player’s salary increases $5 in each year of the contract and you must pay the entire contract even if you drop a player. Contracts can be renewed up to the same # of years as the previous contract, and there is a $5 fee for this. Each team also signed 10 players to 1-yr Free Agent contracts (basically the 10 best players on each team not signed to a multi-year contract).  Those 100 players are who we auction the following year, with the original team being able to keep the player by paying $5 more than the winning bid, if the so desire. The free agents are “unrestricted” if signed to a 2nd 1-yr contract are would simply go to the winning bidder the following year.  Depending on how each owner structures his contracts, each team has more or less money to spend on free agents the following year.

    The other 14 players on each team are automatically entered into the following year’s draft.  The draft is same-order every round with the order being 8,9,10,4,5,6,7,3,2,1 as an incentive for teams to continue to stay involved all year (the 8,9,10 team must also pay a higher entry fee the following year, 4-7 pay the regular entry and 1-3 pay a reduced entry).  1st round draft picks are considered to have a $10 salary, 2nd round $9, etc… Any players picked up between April 15th-August 15th are eligible to keep the following year and must be signed to some sort of a contract beginning at $6. Player picked up between the draft and 4/15 must be put into the draft pool the next year, and same thing at the end of the season, players may still be picked up, but cannot be kept.

    Each season, teams must replenish their multi-year and 1-yr free agent pools back to 10 players each within the guidelines established, so it is a continuous cycle that if you took a snapshot at the beginning of each season, each team would have a mix of 4-yr, 3-yr, 2-yr, 1-yr FA contracts and 14 players for the following year’s draft.

    The 1st place team loses $50 from his cap space the following season, and the 2nd place teams loses $25. Owners can also make trades involving cap space for the following season (within certain restrictions).  We also have drafted 10-man Reserve Rosters which initially included players with no MLB experience, but which now can be used for any player and a player can be optioned 3 times before having to clear waivers first.  Players brought up from the Reserve Roster also would be $6 to start their contracts the following season.

    This league is still new and I’m sure I will be tweaking things for another season or two (and hopefully others in the league will have some ideas of their own as to potential new ways to “negotiate contracts”), but it certainly offers the owners various strategies and different options to explore, and an owner will have to be very, very good to compete for the championship year after year. It will be interesting to see how different strategies evolve as the league develops and if/how free agent salaries stabilize and how this will affect the “market” from year to year.

  16. Mike Lerra said...

    This is tremendous, I’m constantly impressed by the folks that stop by to read our articles and throw some feedback on them as well.

    I like the idea for Keeper Rule #3 – the auction or draft should have enough players in it each year to keep it an exciting and enjoyable event that players look forward to.  So I think a cap is definitely necessary.  I like the idea of capping the dollars one could keep (versus a flat number of players), though I’d limit it to a lower number like $100 out of a $260 team budget (or less!).  Most people will be keeping bargain guys, not the $43 player they happened to get for $41.  So I think a lower salary lid for keeping purposes would help maintain rule #3 and keep some good talent in the auction/draft.

    It seems like a lot of you guys take a contract approach to keeper leagues, which I find fascinating.  I’d imagine it serves to help mimic true baseball management, as well as keep people active and involved.  Surely if I had Longoria and Lincecum locked up for 4 more years, there’s no way I could leave a league like that!

    I also like the idea of setting the draft order like 8,9,10,4,5,6,7,3,2,1.  It definitely incents the people at the bottom of the league to stay in it until the end.  My solution to this potential issue was simply to have part of the entry fee go towards a weekly prize for the best team performance.  Even the last place team can luck into that, provided they pay attention and don’t miss starting their pitchers, etc.

    I also like the idea of keeping one player from each range of draft rounds (1-5, 6-10, etc), though that can sort of bring some unintended consequences.  I wouldn’t want to “take chances” on injury risks or potential breakouts with too many picks in a row.  In other words, if I picked a few promising rookies with my 12th, 13th, and 14th picks, I should strongly prefer to pick a solid, known quantity with my 15th round pick.

    Lastly, I like the idea of keeping 4 players, with the added price being tacked onto them ($1,4,7,10).  There’s definitely a bit of regression there, in that you clearly can’t keep all of your ridiculous deals forever.  But, if you really like a player, you could keep designating him your +$1 keeper each year, to ensure he stays on your team.  Tons of strategy potential here, I like this a lot.

  17. Al Gellin said...

    I’m in a 8 team AL draft keeper league and we have a pretty simple concept. You can keep anywhere from 0 to 8 players. Teams draft in reverse order from last year’s finish. Basically, the team that saves the least number of players gets the first pick in the draft. With free agents coming over to the AL and only 8 teams in the league, there’s usually several good players available…if you choose to follow that strategy. Typically, several teams save the maximum number of players, but through the years there hasn’t been any clear advantage with that strategy. Overall, the concept has proven to be fair and you don’t have to worry about where to slot players based on where they were originally drafted. Here is a link to what we call the “variable draft grid,” which I think is fairly self-explanatory: http://www.mdartworks.com/baseball/gsrbbl/Draft/2009DraftGrid.htm

  18. Dan said...

    I tried to read through all of this for my answer, but ran out of time.  I’m in a keeper league and we use espn for it.  The problem is that they do not keep the entire minor league pool of players in their database – so we’re forced to use google docs to track this.  This has its obvious drawbacks – but every time we tried a new site, it was not nearly as slick as what espn has.  Any suggestions for a fantasy site with a stong UI and a full MiLB database? 
    Many thanks for the help.

  19. Michael Lerra said...

    Dan, I’ve only used Yahoo and it’s not been that good about it.  Often with guys like Cole Hamels and Johnny Cueto, they added them to the player pool after their first start, so everyone knew about them and it was simply a matter of who had the best waiver priority.  You might be stuck using Google Docs.

    Tangotiger had a suggestion that I make a follow-up article summarizing all of the ideas in here.  I think that’s a great idea, so please keep them coming.  I’ll continue to check back for new comments, so please continue to post your current league settings, or some ideas you’re just kicking around.

  20. KY said...

    We’ve had extremely good luck with a freeze system where you may freeze a player for the previous price, but for only one year.  If you find Albert Pujols for 4 buck you reap those rewards the next year.  But the year after that, he’s back in the pool.  This is combined with a tier where the best and worst teams may only freeze at most 4 players, the 3rd and 4th and the slightly less worse 5 and everyone in the middle 6 players.  Between these two rules you get a nice balance of reward but no dynasties.  It also insures no more than 1 year between open drafting of all players so you get a shot at your favorite players.

    If you need another article idea, we have had yeard of debates over firesales.  2/3 of the league does nto want them but 1/3 does adamantly.  We have made it a rule that no player traded may be frozen.  Basically, if players can be traded for freezes, and many teams are out of it by july, they should logically sell whatever they can for freezes as their players no longer have value to them this season.  The tiers above are intended to also provide incentive to not tank.  The wore you finish the less freezes you get as incentive.

  21. Millsy said...

    With the extra salary tacked onto the contract right when it is signed for a player helps to keep the league from becoming something like a ‘reservation’ clause league.  If you decide to keep Longoria for 5 years, you’re taking on potential risk of him not panning out, rather than just seeing what happens each year, so I agree that the possibility of keeping awesome deals forever is significantly reduced (I haven’t seen any deals in our league for more than 4 years).  The number of solid deals on each team seem to be pretty even across the league, so it’s a lot of fun. Some are better than others, and having the option of taking on risk of minor leaguers and signing them long term, rather than changing it every year puts a great dynamic into the leauge, and allows trading of risk, rather than straight talent.

  22. david h said...

    We are entering the fourth year of our league.  Draft, not auction.  Players generally can be kept for 3 years.  A drafted player is assigned a ‘1’, if he’s kept the following year he becomes a ‘2’, and on.  Each season, every team but the winner can apply one franchise tag on a ‘3’ to keep him for one extra year.  A player’s status does not change when he is traded, so, for instance, acquiring a ‘3’ does not reset his status to a ‘1’.

    We keep 7 players each year (out of 21 starters – 12 offense, 9 pitching – plus a 6 man bench), except, punished again, the winner can only keep 6.  A Franchised player is included in your total allowed keepers.  The second place team has the option of 6 including a Franchise player, or 7 without using the Franchise tag.

    Free agents picked up during the year become ‘3’s.  However, if you claim a dropped player on waivers, before he becomes a free agent (4 day waiver period), he retains whatever keeper status he had.

    Finally, we also have Redshirts – minor league players selected in our draft.  A Redshirt can stay on your team as a Redshirt indefinitely, so you can get in early and wait out the rookie pains if you want.  We draft 4 per year, and can keep 2 per year in addition to your regular 7 keepers (or 3 if you prefer to keep one less major league keeper).  You can call up a Redshirt at any time, and he becomes a ‘1’.

    We’ve had pretty good talent cycling through the draft, which keeps things interesting, though I think 3 years may be a bit short of a limit.  I’d like to allow trading draft picks, but that has been voted down.  I also may have preferred an auction with a system like the ones described above, where after a year or two you decide whether to resign for one more year after which the player goes back into the draft, or you sign a long term deal with escalating costs, but that would take much more work for the commissioner and a more consistently devoted group of owners than my league has.

  23. Rhett Oldham said...

    Michael,

    Really nice article.  I wrote an article about keeper leagues in my Commissioner Corner section and I am going to post your link in the comments section so everyone can see your advice as well.

    Interesting points and I am glad I found your article.  Best of luck in the future.

    Rhett Oldham

  24. Molson said...

    I’m in a snake-draft NL-only 5 keeper league.  Whatever keepers you have become your first 5 picks in the draft.  If you don’t keep 5, you get compensatory selections based on reverse order of finish, and then we have a random order for the rest of the draft.

    I’m not a fan of the keeper rules…

    What I’d do to change it is to have it so that you can keep someone drafted in round n as your draft pick in round n/2 (rounding to the higher number) so you could keep one person from rounds 1 or 2 as your first round pick, one from rounds 3 or 4 as your second round pick, or someone from round 20 as a 10th round pick.

    Perhaps modify the 1/2 ratio as needed, but this rewards people who have good value picks (I got Han Ram in the last round one year, Ryan Braun near the end one year), keeps folks from having overvalue in their team long term (a 16th round pick becomes a 1st round pick in year 5) and keeps studs in the draft so it’s interesting (since at least 1/2 of last year’s first 4 rounds is available).  You could limit the number of keepers, but it’s probably not necessary as it’s limited to half the team and then in the mid/late rounds it’s only really good value that’s kept.

  25. Jonas said...

    Michael,

    Awesome article. I don’t know if you check this anymore or not but I have a question. I would like to implement your “ideal” keeper system in my league. We however are a draft league not an auction league. Do you think I could implement your ideas into my draft league? The main area I am thinking of is, would the players that are kept occupy draft slots the next year? I just want to keep the league competitive and fun each year. Any thoughts would be great.

  26. Michael Lerra said...

    Hi Jonas, I get an email whenever it gets comments, so I still see them.

    I’d suggest taking a look at my follow-up to this, where I incorporated reader comments (http://www.hardballtimes.com/main/fantasy/article/keeper-league-roundup/).  Specifically the {$1,$4,$7,$10,…} idea, which allows you to keep any players on your team, paying $1 more for one of them, $4 more for another, $7 more for another, etc, until you decide to stop keeping additional players.

    I think you could modify this for a draft by adding {1,2,3,4,…} to the round.  So each player can keep one person by using their pick 1 round ahead of where they got them last year, one person by using their pick 2 rounds higher, etc.  Modify it to {0,1,2,3,4,5…} or {0,0,1,2,3,4,5…} if you want people to be able to keep more players.

  27. ben said...

    So for all the concern about keeper COST and VALUE over several seasons, I’m surprised that you don’t question why everyone gets a $260 budget at the beginning of the year. Why not allow budgets to carry over every year and create elaborate rules for expansion teams?

    Historically, I’ve ranked draft order in the reverse of last season’s standings with expansion teams getting the first picks. Keepers are an advantage for older teams. This year I’m excited to play with an auction draft because I think it will give all teams an equal shot at quality players while still creating a value decision for a keeper.

    I don’t think you should pursue a mathematically “perfect” league, just one that managers enjoy.

  28. Michael Lerra said...

    Wow, cool that this is still getting some interest from people.

    It’s definitely a good point to question the $260, and whether or not it should carry over.  If we’re truly trying to model the decisions that GMs face, then I think it definitely should carry over (or, maybe, carry over 90% of it to account for inflation in US dollars and baseball in general).  See the Blue Jays for a great example of a franchise with owners that have a 3-year budget (I think) and if their GM doesn’t use all of his budget in year 1, he can carry it over to year 2.

    The biggest handicap to this is probably just the limitations of some of the fantasy sites out there – I don’t think ESPN, for example, can handle giving people different starting dollars each year.

    I don’t attempt to get at a “mathematically” perfect league.  I have no way to quantify what rules are better than others – ultimately, it is up to what the managers enjoy the most.  But it’s baseball, and it’s always the case that the most levers you can pull and adjust have to do with numbers in one way or another – whether it’s 1 catcher or 2, a max of 3 keepers per team or unlimited, whether you use the same round’s slot or the round higher, etc.

    For what it’s worth, the league I began last year is using the +$1, +$3, +$5… model, and it looks like it’s a big hit so far.

  29. Darren said...

    Hello,

    I run a league that is considering a Dynasty league to replace our re-shuffle every year.

    My members heavily prefer a draft system, and I’m ok with that.

    I wanted to create a Dynasty/Keeper league with these basic guidelines and was hoping you could find some holes for any unfair advantages:

    first year draft occurs as usual. Your first ten picks are your dynasty keepers, and they receive “contracts” as follows: first and second round get 5 year contracts, 3rd & 4th get 4 year contracts, etc… Every team would have ten keepers under contracts to start. The draft would be fun IMO seeing how early young prospects go vs older veterans in the first four rounds.

    After the year is played out your keepers who had 1 year left are now free agents that anyone can draft. In the year two (and all future drafts) your first two selections are automatically given 5 year contracts. That’s the cycle.

    Of course there could be some really good dynasties for a couple of years, but I think overall the league would be competitive every year.  I feel that this could be an easy way to run a dynasty league with 14 teams and 25 man rosters.

    Any ideas you had would be appreciated.

  30. Tim said...

    I may have missed it above, but in setting up your keeper leagues with FAB, how do you account for players who are picked up on FAB in year 1 and looking to be kept in year 2?  What’s an appropriate method to set the price?  Would they also be able to be kept at the price paid during FAB? 

    For example, in an AL only team, Manny Ramirez became available when traded from LAD to CWS.  He went for $25 in the Free Agent Auction.  In order for him to be kept on next year’s team, what is the appropriate price?  Does he cost $25 as if he were drafted rather than picked up mid-season?

  31. Erik said...

    This is our set up for head to head league running 6 years strong via Yahoo. 

    First year we did not have keepers, after that you were relegated to take 3 keepers.  They would be your 1st 3 picks.  Starting this year with the draft you could keep the players where they were drafted only for the next year.  Then after that you would be tagged a 1st through 3rd pick.  Ranked according to Yahoo rankings.  I will post the league rules.  In a bit, I am looking for suggestions on HOW LONG a player should be held with the team.

    Here are our rules,

    OHIO KEEPER 12 TEAMS LEAGUE RULES

    1 – 15 Free Player pick-ups

    —If a player goes on the DL, the pick up does not count against you. There is 4 DL spots to designate that player.
    —After your 15 pick-ups, it is $2 a player pick-up

    2 – 2 Free Trades

    —After your 2 trades, it is $5 a trade

    3 – No Hitter, Cycles, and Perfect Game Awards

    —Players must be in starting line-up
    —No Hitters and Cycles are awarded $10 from each manager
    —Perfect Game is awarded $20 from each manager
    —There is a $50 cap on rewards, no manager will have to pay more than on awards. Awards will be split accordingly then.

    4 – Pay Outs

    REGULAR SEASON CHAMP
    —25% of league fees and 25% of pool
    PLAYOFF CHAMP
    —40% of league fees and 40% of pool
    2ND PLACE (PLAYOFFS)
    —20% of league fees and 20% of pool
    3RD PLACE (PLAYOFFS)
    —10% of league fees and 10% of pool
    SHIRT
    —5% of league fees and 5% of pool

    5 – DIVISIONS
    —Division winners advance but are seeded according to overall standings: The winners of each division will advance to the playoffs and all other playoff teams will be determined by overall standings. Playoff seeds will be determined by overall standings regardless of division results.

    —Divisions will be change each year, whoever is in the North Division is the winners in the tourney from last year. South Division will be from the consolation tourney.

    6 – DRAFT ORDER
    —Draft Order will consist of what you finished in both Tourneys

    —If you finished 1 in the consolation bracket you get first pick, 2nd gets 2nd pick and so on through pick 6

    —If you finished 1st in the winners you get 12th pick, 2nd gets 11th on through pick 7

    7 – KEEPERS

    —You always have to keep 3 players

    STARTING THIS YEAR
    —Whatever players you keep this year will be designated picks 1 through 3 according to Yahoo Rankings, this will carry on into next year.

    Next year when Keepers are assigned
    —You can choose where you drafted them. No later than a 17th Round. If you drafted Konerko in the 22nd Round he will still be a 17th round pick next year. If you picked up a Pedro Alvarez he will still be a 17th round pick. If you choose to keep Alvarez and Konerko, Konerko will be your 16th Round Pick and Alvarez will be your 17th. Where ever you player WAS drafted after 17th round will come before waivers. If you choose to keep 3 late round picks after round 17 or waivers not drafted. These will be designated picks 17th, 16th, and 15th round picks. This is only good for 1 year. After that they are designated your first 3 round keepers according to Yahoo Rankings.

    —If players are traded, they are assigned what their previous owner had drafted them at.

    ex: Dan Uggla is traded from a team and was drafted in the 6th round- his keepers for the new owner is the the 6th round

    —If picks are traded in which that round you keeper was drafted in you move up a round

    ex: If Uggla was drafted in the 6th round originally by Owner A and traded to Owner B. Owner B trades with Owner C for players and picks that involved Owner B’s 6th Round pick. If Owner B decides to keep Uggla, he automatically has to keep Uggla as a 5th Round pick because he traded his 6th Round Pick (Where Uggla was drafted originally by Owner A)

    Keepers will be do in by Sunday at 8pm on Feb 27th.

    I will then adjust the rounds for the players where they will be drafted. I will tell a mysterious member of the league who my keepers will be, the 1st one that texts me. So no collusion is involved.

    If a keeper player gets hurt. that owner has every right to throw the player back in the draft if they feel the need too.

    —————————-
    Where we are running into problems besides we already had keepers, for instance one team has CarGo, Longoria, and Halladay.  Another team has Braun, Votto, and Zimmerman.  They can’t be given 2 1st round picks for their players.  So that is why they are given their value according to Yahoo Rankings before the season starts.  The real problem with is when players are picked like CarGo last year late then they want that value at the pick.  When players are added to the Yahoo Pool there is no value on them.  Someone might want a phenom in the draft but Yahoo does not have them on the player list via the draft.  That is why we applied the rule 17th round pick (outside of your starting line up: 9 batters, 5 starters, and 2 relievers).  Any suggestions?

    Also looking into keeping certain players for so many years. 

    I am a firm believer in the draft order as we have it set, it prevents people from tanking a season for the first pick and keeps everyone active.

  32. Mike said...

    Wow, this is a great article and discussion about keeper leagues. Thanks all for your info.  I am starting a keeper league this year and have the following plan which is open to change based on any comments and info I further receive today.

    I want to make it keeper, but also not too involved as I have many first year players. As I’ve run an auction FFL league for years, that option appeals to me, but I think it’ll be too much for this group. Here is what I’m thinking. Please poke holes as you see them.

    Snake Draft. You can keep players for 2 more years (3 total) in their drafted round based on the following. Any number in rounds 15-25, 2 players from rounds 5-10 and none 1-5. In this way, I see a nice pool of first 10 round talent being available as well as the chance to get a couple potentially high round players slotted later in your drafts. Which hopefully builds a bit of dynasty into the league. You may trade players only (no draft picks) and I am undecided on FA pick-ups. I was thinking 1 FA keeper slotted as your 10th round choice or something. What do you think? Simple yet effective? How would you adjust?

  33. http://www.obsidianereader.net/ said...

    I am here for my Earthling Brothers and Sisters today as the time has come for transition and transformation to take place on so many levels of themselves and their home planet. There is nothing less on our plate right now than establishing peace and harmony to a world of deceit and anger. The Earth changes you are currently experiencing are helping you to prepare for the future. Obatala always wears white clothing and is often depicted as an old man. His G-R parallel is Zeus/ Jupiter Optimo et Bono Who destroyed the Titans and established the reign of the Gods on earth. The statue of the Zeus in His Temple at Olympus was made of ivory plates perfectly fitted over a frame. Better known for its Venice-to Simpion train route, Orient Express also offers a super luxurious cruise aboard The Road to Mandalay up the Ayeyarwady River in Myanmar. With only 66 cabins, in addition to a well-stocked library, a play-it-again-Sam-style piano bar, a beauty room and a observation deck with swimming pool, your needs will be more than accommodated for as your relax in your well-appointed state Cabin. Abroad this five-star ship -which, incidentally, used to be Rhine cruiser in Germany and then a floating hotel in Dresden before being brought by Orient Express – you’ll be able to take in hidden germs that have long been kept from the world’s gaze as you sail from the Mandalay to Sagaing ( the living center of Buddhism) right through to Bagan..The characters that represents teams and a great many other population group are,more often than not thought for more information about bring good luck to learn more about the organization. Although,hardly everyone may assume in your actual have an affect on of the representing criticize,but they may participateJuicy Couture Bags as part of your overall fellowship that a resource box brings to educate yourself regarding an audience. The person as part of your animal costume may hardly participate as part of your game at each of them is could to taste success an all in one constant reminder that the team is the fact that an absolute must have to explore perhaps,several unique a guy or gal.. A gold statue of Queen Victoria who chose the name of the province can be found on the grounds that surround the popular structure. The distinct and refined Empress Hotel which was built in 1905 is also in this area. The hotel is so renowned for its fancy tea service that it schedules three sittings for afternoon tea.Pepper Shot pepper spray and I am glad that I chose each as my individual pepper spray. They basically have comparable capabilities. The 2 oz. Chanel – Bowling Bag – This is a Current 2005 style, and it sold out in most of the Chanel boutiques. Black Lambskin soft quieted leather with Black CC Chanel logo bowling bag. Inside the bag you will find a cell phone holder and one zippered pocket. Since the authentic Hermes bags have reached a very high price not many people can afford these individuals. The situation is for a child want to buy one game software but one is limited by the level of his pocket money. If you actually want to own one of the wonderful Hermes handbags, there are certain handbag stores over the world wide web which offer high high-quality replica with affordable rate. Hermes bags and Chanel bags are your loverly brands, you can choose from our website show window. You seach these handbags and we are your best friends. The best quality, low price,satisfied services for guanteed 45 days money return.But then I saw this beauty. The Hamptons leather wristlet showed off perforated detail and pebbled leather. It was exquisite.. The first thing to do in the wake of a burglary is to hire the service of a security consultant. The expert whom you hire needs to have a proven track record and considerable reliability. It is always advisable to review the existing security systems and finding the fault that rendered them vulnerable.. I read that her secret to staying beautiful (skin, hair, body) is four tablespoons of coconut oil a day. That’s a lottt of coconut oil in my book. But I might have to try it if it produces looks like Miranda’s! Or maybe just need to try out her organic skin care line, Kora.. anyways don blame MTNL blindly as most of these software was designed by private companies as they give it to private firms like TCS, Infy etc. LOL. you got to fight against Cong government but it happens with idea too.Fashion isnt only the forte of Chanel today Chanel offers haute couture, ready-to-wear, jewellery and bags of course. The artistic director of Chanel is Karl Lagerfeld who is responsible for more provocative lines of Chanel has re-issued the iconic 2.55 bag since 1983. Chanel bags are rather expensive investment, but you can try to get a Chanel bag on sale, which rarely, but happens. Anthony van Dyck probably first met Rubens in 1615, the year that Rubens supposedly painted a portrait of the younger artist. If it is by Rubens, the portrait seems an attempt to check the stylistic exuberance demonstrated in Van Dyck memorable Self-Portrait of 1613-14. In that striking image, Van Dyck looks back over his shoulder at the spectator; the effect is ambivalent, half innocence and half calculation, the latter borne out by his stare which is unflinching for such an apprentice.I don’t mean to be a downer. I am in good health. I have a lovely roof over my head. Good knives are the sign of a good cook, and owning a set of good knives, be they Wusthof Gourmet Knives or Henckels Gourmet Knives, both brands are excellent choices among the category of stainless steel knives. The goal is to look for well made, long lasting knives with optimal sharpness, balance, and stability. In reviewing fine stainless steel knives, two specific brands will be reviewed and compass. We are dedicated to go “above and beyond” and take the “necessary steps” to achieve excellent health, temperament and agility. We believe in the bloodlines we have chosen (Leavitt The Hermes Blood Lines) and to back this up we offer excellent guarantees on all our pups! We would like to thank all the breeders and like minded people who have taken the same goals in creating the healthiest Bulldogges alive! We have chosen the Hermes and Leavitt bloodline as our building blocks and because of this we know the future owner’s will benefit from these fine examples of the breed! We are always approachable, so please feel free to email us anytime. We maintain good relationships and open communication with the new owner’s who purchase our puppies as family pets or as future breeders we would like to thank everyone for the awesome experience of meeting you and your families and a special thank you for the care given to your new puppy.W臋gry. Islandia. Indie. Maybe someone in the village will come running with an ancient Provencal remedy of crushed herbs. Maybe someone will fill my room with lilies to mask the stench of tonsil-breath. Maybe the doctor will pace the hallway with Husband, speaking in hushed tones.. peeve to cry about this week, and that’s pronounciation鈥rr鈥?I mean pronunciation. I’d once written about it earlier too, but my grudge continues with those who judge others by the way they pronounce fancy words. Please know that I fully endorse learning the right usage of words that belong to any language. Once they secure the economical capacity, they already received your own defense underneath the laws so as to comply with which. Chanel Handbags 2012 Extravagance brand name adornment strews high-class way of living, just like Lv, Chanel, Instructor, Gucci, Fendi, Balenciaga, Chloe, Prada, Hermes, Dior, Mulberry, Marc Jacobs, Thomas Wylde, Jimmy Choo, Versace, YSL, Leowe, Valention, Lancel, etc. there are plenty of this kind of model accessories which often strews luxury existence, such as totes, totes, wrist watches, belt aside from garments.Samoa americane. Andorra. Angola. Check out Watsons appears through the red carpet premieres, photo calls and press appearances when she promotes the last Potter installment. If this is the purpose, you can have a . Prices are going up and if you are determined and take some effort, then obtaining this will be very easy. Balenciaga aftermarket clutches in addition to bags are usually lovely, basic designs suitable for modern consumers to produce a very good emphatic fashion document. Such luggage tend to be light in weight, long-lasting as well as throughout pigmentation, contours and elegance. Dior bags and handbags usually are edgy and possess common design that you can teeth whitening gel with all the current fashion and design of the girl, despite grow older. So there you have it. Kissimmee is not only a charming, relaxing place to spend a family vacation; it is also a shopper’s paradise. Handbags are the necessary items for everyone to enhance beauty and make life convenient.You know that celebrities are favor of designer products of famous brands. But common people are not able to imitate all these luxury products. Thus most people turn to replica ones. Hermes represents for the energetic youth, with Petasus on his head, chlamys on his body, Kerykeion in his hand hermes birkin , coin bags on his waist and pteroeis pedila on his feet. He is the most honest Messenger of Zeus. He helps Zeus to send out messages and finish the tasks which Zeus assigned. It also came to pass that Zeus felt no longer bound to protect the creatures of Prometheus and Epimetheus, and caused a great flood to wash across the land, killing everyone so that he could start over and fashion men in his own image. Prometheus, however, had foreseen this attempt, and instructed Deukalion and Pyrrha to build a boat on a mountain, which would allow them to survive the deluge. When the waters receded, it was Prometheus who commanded them to “Cast the bones of your mother behind you.” Deukalion and Pyrrha picked up rocks and tossed them over their shoulders.But we should know that the excessive vitamins also lead to pimples. Pregnant woman can not have too much vitamin A which possibly can do harm to the baby’s health . They should not take more than 10,000 IU vitamin A one day. Once bagchoice receives detailed sketches from a customer, a designer will blueprint the design in a computerized rendition. This design will be sent back to the customer and any necessary changes are discussed and made. Afterwards, another computerized rendition of the modified version is created and then sent back again to the customer for approval. Length of use and budget. Comparison shopping for money clips from websites such as Net Shoppers and My Shopping are some of the best websites you can consult when you are selecting money clips within a certain budget range. The length of your use is also a primary factor.The night before the Poetry Foundation reading, the group opened a bottle of whiskey and composed their manifesto. Because Ruth Lilly’s fortune came from the manufacturer of Prozac – Eli Lilly Co. – it follows, they argued, that the foundation has been tainted by anti-poetic drug money. The next Kentucky Chapter meeting will be held at Lexington’s Keeneland Racetrackon Wednesday, October 20. We have reserved 30 seats in the Phoenix Room and are making those tickets available on a first come, first served basis. Register here to ensure that you will have a seat. Thus, these celebrities are becoming the Korean fashion’s ambassador to introduce Korean clothing lines to the world and to increase their fellow Korean designers’ profile on the fashion world. I would like to share my favorite Korean clothing with all of you Korean fashion lovers out there. We will present to you the latest trend in Korean clothing for men and women.Lisa is like, “Well did you hear Brandi say she was intimidated when the Ogres got in her face and screamed at her?” to which The Morally Corrupt Faye Resnick responds “That’s what she always says!” Oh really? That’s what shealways says? Let me get this straight The Morally Corrupt Faye Resnick. She’s like “Marisa, you just don’t know Brandi, and Lisa, that’s like really sweet and cute of you to defend Brandi” and WAIT A MOTHERFUCKING SECOND did The Morally Corrupt Faye Resnick really just try to Vanderpatronize Your Highness Vanderpoomp? Because that will not Vanderfly on this show. Life in Beverly Hills is a game you stupid #### and Lisa makes the fucking rules and rule number one is that The Queen will not be patronized by a basic, low-budget bitch like you.. I had to sell my MCM cottage a few years ago and with it went my collection of furniture. By the way you can use brown with turquoise. But my tastes are also eclectic and I’m an old hippie as well, so I’ve sort of surrounded myself with African and Asian black and white block prints which are relatively inexpensive, and used the colors of Van Gogh’s “Irises” as touches of color.While you might not be able to find a Hermes sale too often, you will be able to find secondhand purses that are in almost the same condition as they were when the Hermes purse was first purchased. Today, buying secondhand handbags is looked upon as a smart choice hermes outlet . Not only does it save you money, it also reduces the amount of waste, making it an all-around economical choice. There are four illustrations which respectively represent the significant history of Louis Vuitton. For instance, the 101, Champs Elysees Paris is where the House inaugurated the largest travel shop of the era. The Champs-Elysees, by reputation the world’s most fashionable avenue, inspired the “Promenade” concept within the new Louis Vuitton House.. get something plain and neutral, or loud and funky. It is all there for you. Whatever the style, whomever the person, the Cameron Diaz collection from Tag Heuer is hair extensions that when Hermes Handbags are there everything else becomes kind of secondary.A log splitter may be a piece of tools which since the title indicates Hermes Wallets is utilized to obtain a similar profession undertaken mechanically. Help you save for this there is also a distinction somewhere between hydraulic and electrical splitters. The hydraulic splitters come in equally horizontal and vertical formats. The shoulder straps are long, which allow the bag hit in the middle of the hip bone. The colors were light tan and dark brown. This series of Gucci Handbags was crafted using their classic and neutral looks, offering a vintage appeal to the country club style and luxurious outfits.. If you come about to take a look at the television while launching a cheese omelet and immediately loved it, this is a gift for you. Each season is composed of 13.9 episodes starting point of 10-14 participants. One contestant is sent home in tears sometimes, but as the situation cal for it, a double or nothing of the elimination is based on the decision of the judges.reported her to a child-abuse hotline. Hermes could be the byword related to intricate trend. Near to Hermes home, Birkin case is completely your current wistful issue for little girls. See on the real huge pair of Hermes solutions, this excellent recognition in vogue planet, outstanding construct and in many cases highly-priced price tags, popular women spanning various ages of all ages accumulate total satisfaction about the collection of style by using Hermes. I find it very depressing that these Jewish troublemakers didn’t have anything better to do than to follow after Paul (after chasing him out of city after city) and keep after him until they get what they want, a stoning. They must have really hated him.  Put “stoning” symbol on flannel map by Lystra . The exception is in the first gallery, which is devoted to the Heiress, a woman of social stature and inherited wealth. While a viewer can marvel at the elegance of her dresses and the sparkle of her jewels, it’s impossible to forget that her power was borrowed. She is constrained not just by her corset and her bustle, but also by familial bonds, by social hierarchies and gender roles..He was a virgin but I wasn’t, and he knew that. I liked the fact that we had a lot of sexual tension but that he didn’t ever pressure me to do anything I didn’t want to. Basically, he wanted me to make the shots. NutritionAccording to the National Institutes of Health (NIH), there is no strong evidence that organics bring nutrition-related health benefits, or that organic and conventional foods differ significantly in their nutrient content. The NIH admits the amount of research on the subject currently is limited, with more studies needed to reach an adequate conclusion. However, the NIH reports that babies and toddlers who consume only organic dairy products demonstrated a lower risk of eczema than those who ate conventional dairy foods. This Gucci gold medium hobo bag features single adjustable strap, clip closure, embossed Gucci script logo, inside zip pocket, and cell phone pocket. Exterior gold Guccissima leather with cognac/saffron/cognac signature web, gold leather trim and light gold hardware make this unique and eye-catching. Dimensions: 15 1/23L x 163H.DiagnosisDoctors use standard growth charts to compare your baby’s growth with that of other babies of the same age. According to Baby Center, kids who fall below the third percentile for weight on the growth chart or weigh 20 percent below the ideal weight for their height may have failure to thrive. Children who are failing to gain weight will be evaluated more closely. The menu layout is rather nicely done on a simple side with a rustic style border that has a slow pan of a green countryside but the bulk of it is taken up with Hermes and Kino relaxing against each other as small leaves blow in front of them. The opening song plays along to this, albeit far too briefly. Episodes can be jumped to directly from the main menu though as seems to be custom now, scene selection has gone out of favor.Production time for a batch of Pilsner Urquell is five weeks. The leisurely cold fermentation allows off-flavors to bubble away and gives the beer its crisp, clean, well-integrated flavor. The roastiness of a stout and the hops in a double IPA will hide a wide range of defects. Kayaks are really stable, but with inflatable kayaks it is usually significantly less complicated to put together rear in if you fall out. You quickly grab the cockpit of your kayak and pull your self up like you happen to be obtaining out of a swimming pool. This tends to make an inflatable kayak extremely handy for snorkeling or swimming. It features a very unique cut and top quality soft leather. Replica Bags also has a ruching around its brim. It therefore has attractive gathers and folds. We found the keypad very easy to type with. The keys are well spaced, well elaborated and have a very positive response. Navigation is performed through a 4 way joystick which is our team’s preferred navigation option.Women are intense market. some may funding guessed take for fashion’s sake. Nevertheless, they aren’t only do you want at how their treatments search acute in them. SLA hasn directed its members to what future actions need to be taken in light of the Alignment Project. They have provided us with the information to analyze and draw our own conclusions. Rutgers renaming of the Library School may be the tipping point. Have you always wondered about the fuss made over DMX lights and DMX controller when making lighting arrangements for a stage concert or sports tournament, or while staying in the backstage for a nightclub, lounge or a disco wherein a special event is happening? DMX lights have often been in the limelight, due to their design quotient, exceptional efficiency, functionality or durability. The DMX lights and fixtures, mounted in multiple numbers are operated via the DMX 512 controller, which coordinates the functioning of every single light and special effects fixture, in order to produce the right ambience for an party or lounge. The DMX 512 controller basically means that any light fixture or installation that has been produced according to the DMX 512 standards can be operated by connecting it to the DMX controller..At a time when the Rs 32 below-the-poverty-line cap was still causing outraged headlines, playing cards priced at Rs 5,040 a pack were on offer as Diwali gifts from Lavin at Kitsch in Emporio Mall, New Delhi. And, ironically, last week, all roads in Delhi seemed to be leading towards luxury’s doors. Luxury with a capital T.. Njegovo mehko ob膷utek in sijo膷a pogled daje druga膷en enemu, ki jo nosi. Svileni 拧al obi膷ajno prihaja v prijetne barve s 拧tevilnimi privla膷na in ustvarjalno motivov in modelov kot cvetli膷ni, 啪ivali, geometrijske ali abstraktne slike in veliko ve膷 mo啪nosti, da izberejo. Svilene rute so mednarodni voh z vrhunsko modelov in lastnosti.. For the guy who thinks he’s more clothes-savvy than most, investing in a pair Alden boots is both cool and smart. Heritage brands, or clothes made by companies that have been around for over 100 years—such as Barbour or Filson—are de rigueur. Alden, a Middleborough, Mass.-based shoemaker with a 125-year history, is part of this trend.All these baggage are certainly exquisite gift idea to get best freinds and family. Imaginable a person’s mummy and also institution likely related which includes a innovative replica ladies handbag by using all of music labels, sense atop the modern world for instance no time before. Top of the line reassurance coupled with hallmark might improve your mood. Another thing about Hephaestus is his influence on modern day culture, including English. In Roman mythology, which was an adaptation of Greek Mythology and very similar, Hephaestus was called Vulcan. This is where the world “volcano” comes from. Here at Belisi, various scarves like men’s, signature, theme, designer’s, winter scarves are sold. Here are some examples of precisely how Malaysian women dress . Known because of its extravagant celebration and various other conventional rituals related to it, the Indian nat .Owning the most properties around the Finger Lakes region, this company rents houses and cottages of all sizes and price ranges. Find something cozy for a small group or plan a reunion for extended family. Rentals range from one to more than nine bedrooms, which cost anywhere from $1,000+ to $8,000+ per week; some have direct lake access, while others are set back into the land. The cottony-cushion scale is native to Australia. As a result of the exportation of seedlings, the insect appeared in all countries in which citruses are cultivated. In the USSR it is found in the Abkhazian ASSR, the Adzhar ASSR, and Krasnodar Krai. Having a Hermes Birkin bag is a fantastic feeling. People actually see you as an elite person. Remember that these bags are not sold online, but are sold only on stores such as Eurohandbag.I bicycle and garden and don’t have to work anymore. I love birds with a depth, deeper than any I had, except perhaps in my childhood, when I lay under a fuchsia tree, looking up at a magical hummingbird. But I live in the real world. Chicago has many sections where they are known for their impeccable fashion. One of those sections is the Oak Street corridor. Nestled away from the hustle and bustle of Michigan Ave, and around the corner from the social elite playground that is Rush and Division, this street is not one to be passed up when it comes to Chicago fashion.. Once your Hermes leather handbag is worn away for your careless, you have to ask natural leather oil cleaner for help. The leather like our skin, you should moisturize and condition them in some time. Once they crack for your neglecting, they will never look like before again..His office at Harvard University is spare. [Editor’s note: The original version said Mowatt-Larssen teaches at Harvard. He is a scholar there.] Photographs of his wife and three children grace his desk, while books on subjects ranging from the history of nuclear intelligence to physics for the lay person jostle for space on shelves with stacks of personal notebooks on WMD.. Faersk茅 ostrovy. Fid啪i. F铆nsko. Don get all of us incorrect, it is possible to nevertheless locate brand-new Hermes designs on the web through trustworthy vendors however they are few and far between. One of many best and most well-liked websites to locate the perfect Hermes bag on the internet for your personal assortment will be auction web sites. The following you find many professional vendors or even amateur collectors who created their own report on hard-to-find Hermes Purses.Most of these bags are made with the best croc leather that money can buy. Infact the leather that Hermes uses to create these exotic bags is the best and the most expensive. This is because every scale on the leather is of the same size and equally placed which again adds to the beauty of their bags. Fisch for the Hip is a fabulous Chelsea consignment shop with a meticulously edited selection of everything from Chloe, Missoni, Marni, Vera Wang RTW, Stella McCartney, Gucci, Balenciaga, Lanvin, Dolce, Alaia, Hermes bags, men designer suits and all sorts of other things that you will not find anywhere else in NYC. \n\nThe owner and staff of Fisch for the Hip choose their consignment items with care to create the ultimate shopping experience for you. The selection is large enough to dress even the most selective of shoppers, but at the same time, you aren searching through tons of things to find your prize.Luxurious merchandise has to be packaged in wrappings of the identical fine quality as the object. Also, designer brand handbags aren’t allotted in little, lightweight dust sacks. Hermes dust carriers are produced of extremely long-lasting, heavy, orange-dyed natural cotton flannel. Signs of Nanjing’s newfound wealth and optimism can be seen everywhere. In the heart of the downtown Xinjiekou district, a bronze statue of Sun Yat-sen, considered the father of modern China, looks out over a bustling commercial area awash with luxury-brand boutiques (Gucci, Hermes) and Western chains for the young and trend-obsessed (Starbucks, H There is perhaps no more visible symbol of the city’s transformation than the Zifeng Tower, a 1,480-foot skyscraper that opened last May. Housing offices, restaurants and an InterContinental hotel, the tower is the second-tallest building in China and billed as the seventh-tallest in the world..A flurry of and firings in the fashion industry this week, notably at Alexander McQueen, where Sarah Burton has been appointed creative director. Burton is a longtime colleague of McQueen who began working with him in 1996. She has been the head of women wear design since 2000. There is a very likely possibility that my husband will be of the first to arrive to work on the pipeline currently in the works. My daughter and I would like to travel there to check it out before we make the move. We have never lived outside of the united states and are very nervous about the transition.. We completed the project just before Thanksgiving in 1997. I spoke with the owner this last March “The high gloss black looks the same as the day you painted it”. Obviously we have a long runway with these products; but recently there has been a significant increase in the demand for the highest quality paint available.But with so many wide areas of solid color, the scanlines are very visible. But, they’re not really scanlines. They’re a visual choice applied by the director presumably as this is exactly what the Japanese DVD releases look like as I’ve confirmed. If you really want to possess one of the superb Hermes handbags, there are actually various Hermes Mini Kelly Handbags stores over the web which offer top quality replica with cost effective price. Replica Hermes bags are more efficient than the fake designer bags. Our website is a very superior web store to choose Hermes handbags.. And finally, numerous shoulder joint confusing link has come about as an improvement so you might absolutely free you actually without notice that will help. an effective pair of shoes. Duplicate builder designer purses and fashion You will find Mulberry wall plug that you pick on your market web-site or even just Mulberry place..Jay Garrick, the original Flash, wears that hat for three reasons. One, it provides fairly good protection for his head, which is a fairly vulnerable area. (Here a bit of related trivia for you: the first British soldiers to enter combat in WWII wore cloth caps into battle. Despite the fact that an Hermes Birkin bag is expensive, I would still highly recommend hermes birkin purchasing one because it is one of the few bags that actually appreciates in value over time. Usually, a bag only retains resale value as long as it is considered to be an “it” bag. In this case, you can spend $5,000 on a brand new birkin and expect to resell it for a hefty profit.. French designer label Jean Paul Gaultier was first up and opened the fashion showcase with its Spring/Summer 2006 collection, with Britain’s current favourite model, Lily Cole, taking to the catwalk. Striding down the runway in a beautiful floaty Gaultier dress, Cole, with her pre-Raphaelite looks, certainly took centre stage. The face of Singapore Fashion Festival, Lily Cole, poses on Orchard Road..If you would like with regard to an item to further improve ones temperament along with disposition, a good Hermes Birkin handbags would be the correct product to obtain. With the “sewing time” – Hermes Natural leather Convention inside Shanghai, China and taiwan revealed the actual exclusive edition Tiny Birkin handbag will even Hermes retail outlets inside minimal buy. A few people that tend not to appreciate the actual seek produced by gold precious metal may choose wonder included hermes birkin bag replica one simple certain with a few additional concludes. Helping Your Newborn Gain WeightFor formula-fed babies, weight gain usually isn’t a problem, but breastfed babies can gain weight faster if mom’s milk supply comes in quickly and she follows a frequent feeding schedule. According to Dr. More-frequent breastfeedings increase a mother’s prolactin levels, which signal her body to produce milk.May be they are simply great enough to receive without misgiving. Discount Overcoats Store Most think that they are above being supported by the town; but it often happens that they are not above supporting themselves by dishonest means. which should be more disreputable. Have you ever observed a custom several down the slam with her bag, mentioned the particular bag is authentic? Properly, the answer then is simply no. When you have an internet vendor, that statements the girl designer hand bags “guaranteed” or perhaps “authentic” purses, then you have to understand very well, should appear the truth at the rear of the real bag, said. Always choose sellers, the actual “unbound” go back, may also be handbags duplicate. Last week Creed’s “Weathered” was finally toppled from Billboard’s No. 1 slot by country singer ‘s “Drive,” thanks to Jackson’s hit single, “Where Were You (When the World Stopped Turning).” But it’s firmly in second place, with Nickelback’s “Silver Side Up” album close behind at No. 5.One of Aeetes’ bowmen shoots Medea. Jason grieves for a second, then lays the Golden Fleece over Medea’s body. It sparkles, and returns her to life. I did the exact same thing about 10 years ago. My reasoning was simple. There were only three of us for dinner, and one was going to do all the work. Because the specific understanding of their bags of Belstaff Motorcycle Jackets choose wonderful opportunity, to some sort of line to help run guys, never your back bear driver usually wins. Almost all phrases which can be banned on the infringement of the rules on the bran new and updated for each Crownwork stamped never empty for a way to capture not unreal intrusion, as well as wood. The most these jackets, Belstaff Motorcycle Jackets as the chamois is classified, that waist, which is really together exposed Jacketlining, operated to determine a city that could, as well as a ticket to enable highest mountains pick up Belstaff Jacket Original .This item can hold all your belongings with out challenging, no matter whether for buy groceries or visit work. All of the Hermes Handbag truly are classified instantly following a wonderful well-liked Language musician and moreover celebrity. It will be great for you to choose stylish replica Hermes handbags to match your elegant evening dress. The city that is a witness to a chaotic traffic all through the day, week, month and year is a very difficult city to cover even short distances within it. With the help of these online a . Are you going to ask why? Better luck if youll be able to meet serio .. But the moment I would open a book or try to explain to him the easiest rules of adding or subtraction, the struggle would start. He would nag, making any excuse not to sit with me, tell me he is bored, or that he cannot understand, etc. etc..Archetypes, first proposed by depth psychologist Carl Jung, are certain patterns embedded in our unconscious that are related to common facets of human existence. For example, the common experiences of childhood have left all of us with certain associations, instincts, and feelings related to the Mother. These associations, feelings, and ideas of Motherhood will be different in each individual and culture, but there is an underlying tendency for them to follow certain patterns. Charles-Emile toiled tough to make the children up available, plus in 1914 he / she previous ones and also given over domination above the business for them. During arriving ezines I personally gives you some hints regarding who apparently to purchase anyone best colouring speak to contacts hermes bags concerning choice to light-weight bluish face. Thierry Hermes it not just a symbolic representation connected with individuality plus popularity, but additionally the fashion products that can well construct your lifestyle be new and not just fogy.Time FrameMost pediatricians recommend starting infants on solid foods around 6 months, with baby foods first and finger foods later, as babies develop motor skills necessary to pick up food and guide it to their mouths. According to the Mayo Clinic, between 8 and 10 months is a good time to introduce finger foods. By his first birthday, your little one should be able to enjoy tiny versions of whatever the rest of the family is eating. In a Monitor cover story, Todd Wilkinson explores that balance, focusing on ranching in the West. He introduces us to a new generation of ranchers who are concentrating on sustainable practices. Cattle lands that once would have been trampled and depleted are being managed in smart new ways that decrease the environmental impact and allow the region’s native flora and fauna to thrive..A big fitness goal should be rewarded in a big way. When you reach your ultimate goal, reward yourself with a vacation somewhere you have always dreamed of visiting. This may mean donning a great new swimsuit on your new body or you may just want to explore a new area. Consequently, all the popular fast food chains have chalked out massive plans for expanding their business and presence throughout the country. Moreover, foreign fast food chains are aggressively increasing their presence in the country. For instance, Domino’s has planned to open 60-65 outlets every year for the next three years (2010-2012) while Yum Brands Inc is also preparing for massive expansion across the country with plans to open 1000 fast food outlets by 2015.. Then it gets stabbed. The freshness of seeing an absolutely unworldly, fantastic creation ‘living’ and moving on screen is not to be dismissed; the design is fascinating, the multiple movements precisely what one would expect from a multi-headed reptile the size of a Chevy. But its interaction with the sole actor in the scene is minimal.Yet the lack of public concern about inequities in our community has confounded me. I appreciated that we were a resilient and entrepreneurial place; people come to Miami or stay here largely because they have hope for a brighter future. born. Florida now has two goalies on the roster, Barry Brust and Beckford-Tseu. To say the Everblades goalie situation has been in flux this season would be an understatement. Brust just got into town last week and there’s not definitive timeline on how long he’ll be with the Everblades, while Beckford-Tseu has already been sent down to Florida three times this season.. 2] Hose your car down, in particular from the wheel arches and under the bonnet to remove the worst of your muck and soften up whatever that has gone rock and roll-sound. Do not use a genuinely sturdy strength washer, ie a single that may be attached to your impressive pump. These power washers can blast grit away so challenging that it scratches the paintwork.If you are searching for something fun and different, investigate trendy handbags. Nila Anthony’s bag the “Pony Express” is a great illustration of a bag that in some way sets you apart. The Pony Express is fashioned after a real horse. Recently Jessica Alba browsing the supermarket with a fresh dress- simple white T shirt Match the purple wrinkled textured knit; give you a feeling of Korea lady. With this dress, you can’t ignore her Chole Marcie Satchel shoulder bag; the Bohemian style . Chloe handbags with arc-shaped stripe design, the location of buttons also adds a lovely leather pigtail. luxury brand from its first service luxury. Luxury In economics terms, refers to the value / quality of the relationship between the maximum ratio of products. In the daily lives, we enjoy the very special luxury brand market and social status.The improved powers for landlords are steadily being nullified by a growing army of public officials hired to promote tenants’ rights. David Parris, of Jackson-Stops Staff, recently had the job of evicting a tenant from a flat in Wimbledon. “It turned out that he went from area to area, habitually falling into arrears,” says Mr Parris. English scholar/mystic/conman (1527-1608). As a student at St. John’s College, Cambridge, Dee was a talented student, easily learning a number of diverse subjects, including classical languages, mathematics, and astronomy. Este art铆culo, desarrollado en III partes, que se ir谩n publicando secuencialmente, contieneun desarrollo de laintervenci贸nque realic茅 en un encuentro promovido por Izquierda Unida en Las Palmas de Gran Canaria el d铆a 24 de abril, en el que pretend铆 exponer elementos claves sobre la crisis internacional caracterizando la crisis de la econom铆a espa帽ola actual,precedida tambi茅n por una Dictadura;y como ejercicio de concienciaci贸n abord茅 un breve an谩lisisparalelocon el neoliberalismo aplicado en Argentina. El encuentro cont贸 con la participaci贸n de dos ciudadanas argentino-canarias, Cristina Pagani y Graciela Beatriz V茅niz, a quienes agradezco mucho su disponibilidad y valiosa aportaci贸n, que presentaron su testimonio de lo que vivieron en aquel terrible momento en que Argentina, segundo estado m谩s extenso de Am茅rica Latina, hoy una de las “econom铆as emergentes” como as铆 la calific贸 el Banco Mundial en 2010, fuera ejecutada en “paz y democracia” en aquella terrible crisis del 2001. Para abordar un tema tan amplio se desarrollaron los siguientes puntos, con la intenci贸n de “romper las falacias” que retroalimenta la manipulaci贸n medi谩tica y que siguen los defensores de la ideolog铆a neoliberal-conservadora.I agree with JeniSouthernGirl, Birmingham, USA: When I was pregnant there were beautiful maternity clothes available, and since pregnancy is a special and unique time of a women’s life, I was delighted to be able to dress in fashionable and comfortable maternity clothing. During my pregnancy, I attended three very posh weddings, concerts, theatre performances and also worked full-time, and found great outfits for all of these occasions. Where do you shop, Hayley, London? I cannot imagine maternity stores selling ‘ill-fitting outfits in bogey green and sick colours”! LOL! They would be out of business! Too funny.. As worshipers spread throughout the Mediterranean, known as a Uxas (Darkseid),brought tales of Greek gods to a small village known as Roma, changing the names hetold their stories. To better oversee their two lands, they created avatars of themselves, one house remaining in Greece, the other in Rome. Over time, however, the two became beings of different pantheons, Zeus and Jupiter, Mercury and Hermes, Athena and Minerva, every one now a separate identity, rather than be one of two appearances.8. Marty lived and grew up in the same house all of her childhood and then moved all around the state of Texas with her husband and family. To quote, love going to the new places, it really pisses me off leaving the old places though. Expose your legs instead. Don go overboard. Just get a few minutes of direct sunlight on you and you should be fine.. When God created mankind, he appointed the angels to serve mankind through their cycles of evolution. Lucifer, an archangel of great light, thought it was not fair that man be given free will or become crowned with greater glory. (The angels had to earn their free will and were not granted this gift until they had reached the archangelic level.). The geometric proportion on the original map is completely messed and the strict rules on map making are totally abandoned. He cuts the original world map into different pieces of color ribbons and recombines them in a magic way as a jigsaw puzzle, which creates an unbelievably huge world where everything we are familiar with have changed tremendously. This is not map to guide you on the right direction rather than lose you in the confusing distortion.We quickly crossed the border into the safe arms of the Indian army who fed and clothed us. But the DPs’ social order that had existed in Pakistan changed radically; the proletariat got rich quick by their brawn and manipulation. The buzzwords we heard were Lo!’ (Occupy whatever is vacant) and Do, Lift Lo!’ (Bribe and thrive). With various well-known goods, the more costly you are custom make handbags. A good sort of our prime version bags are frequently Hermes birkin bags. Should you be one of these of those ladies, that have been completely always on the lookout for reasonably priced special discounts, quite possibly you comprehend of which boutique and also retailer has the most effective finds. Even more traditional supermarkets like Stop Shop are introducing reusable bags. The Quincy, Mass.-based company doesn’t give a bag credit. But it started selling sturdy reusable green bags with a Stop Shop logo for 99 cents in November.Among various branded items, the most costly would be designer handbags. Illustrations of our prime brand bags are Hermes bags, Fendi handbags, Gucci bags, and Prada bags. If you are such types of ladies, who’re always searching for cheap deals, most likely know which boutique or store comes with the greatest finds. The majority of people hold the perception that the greater items aspire to have, the better money you have got to pay back. Normally, this could be real. For anyone who aren of which vibrant, the fantastic brand-new handbags inside the suppliers on the significant models are exactly like something in no way remain in these individuals. They have to enter areas of the game without knowing the consequence. And they have to interact with characters that they’ve never met before. Inside these particular kinds of games, the opportunity to gather up the courage to explorer unknown territory isn’t just available, it’s required..This can be done using a juicer that is designed specially for wheatgrass. Since it is a more delicate plant, it requires a juicer that works a little slower than others in order to get all of the contents out of the grass. The amount of wheatgrass needed in order to produce the amount of juice required for your drink will vary so you’ll have to test out how much juice is yielded from a clump of wheatgrass. Even better if they actually did: Anything with a designer label, especially Marc Jacobs, has a good chance of being picked up. To really increase your odds, bring vintage. That doesn’t mean ratty sleep shirts or Nana’s polyester housecoat. The most popular fragrance concentration for men, an eau de toilette contains 4% to 8% perfume oil and has good staying power. The vast majority of commercial/designer men scents on the market will fall into this category. The term actually comes from the French phrase faire sa toilette, which means get ready (not, we hasten to add, go to the restroom.Ever since the big screen gave rise to movie stars, we always looked to celebrities for fashion inspiration. Admit it, you see Jennifer Aniston in a pair of boyfriend jeans in a tabloid magazine and suddenly, you out looking for a pair. The same goes for designer bags as well catch Jessica Alba toting a black Jimmy Choo or a Bottega Veneta and that gets you hyped enough to search for Jimmy Choo handbags or Bottega Veneta handbags on the Want to accessorize like the stars or find out which are the stars favorite designers? Check out our list of A-list celebrities who carry Bottega Veneta handbags, Jimmy Choos and more.. What do these two things have in common? Because they both reflect a belief that wealth is its own reward and its own virtue. If we are just nice to rich people and keep cutting their taxes, prosperity will magically flow to the rest of us. And there’s an argument as to whose marriage was more fake, Kim Kardashian’s or the super committee’s..The Louis Vuitton Speedy Bag – A Must Have For the Fashionista! The louis vuitton Among the many luxury brands out there, only one name truly stands out from the crowd, and that is Louis Vuitton. From Louis Vuitton shoes,all of these plus other fine leather items such as luxury trunks, belts and other accessories have found their way into the highest end fashion boutiques and shops. considering I’m not currently occupied with a full time job. The BLM’s pace has displeased some in Congress. Rep. Jon Porter (R) of Nevada introduced a bill last week that would limit the BLM’s permit process to 180 days. Gordillo no es la 煤nica l铆der laboral acusada de corrupci贸n. El actual l铆der del sindicato de trabajadores petroleros, Carlos Romero Deschamps, ha sido criticado por supuestamente obesquiarle un Ferrari de $2 millones de d贸lares a su hijo y su hija ha publicado fotos de sus viajes en Europa a bordo de jets privado y yates. En 2000, Romero Deschamps gozaba de inmunidad a un proceso judicial por ser legislador despu茅s de que se revel贸 que el sindicato que dirige don贸 ilegalmente 61 millones de d贸lares al Partido Revolucionario Institucional..When Angel made the actual Precious metal 14k Release with Chad Muska, the customer curiosity was up to attention usually related to Nike. The actual 413 Silver Release out of stock within thirty minutes. Supra NS line was launched well-liked fashion driven trade shows as a substitute with regard to skateboarding shops. Really each of us just who relax watching the show contain busy the belief that reckoned. diamond rings plus charms coordinating making use of your chain along with jewelry and wristband. If you think that will hypersensitive reactions certainly are a concern, try to keep from opportunity irritants and then talk to your medical expert pertaining to treatments to regulate signals.. Although you are looking for a discounted Fendi handbag, it doesn?t mean that you will have to realise that they might be out of fashion and has some defects. There still good quality handbags out there and you have to learn some selection tips in order to pick one that is the best. There is wide range of discounted portion, which may be start from 10% up to 50%.And who needs to be pregnant to have an irresistible urge to eat a cupcake. Preggers or not, cupcakes are a “quick treat”. One stop at the bakery shop a single peek and every bite can be gone before you get to the office. Est贸nsko. Eti贸pia. Falklandsk茅 ostrovy a z谩vislos钮ou. Third, the Birkin handbags are hand-built by experienced craftsmen. The production of each bag may need several weeks’ hard work of workers. The metallic hardware on a Birkin bag (the lock, keys, buckle and so on) are typically plated with gold or other precious metals, such as palladium, which, unlike silver, will not tarnish.. An eclectic mix of actors, New York professionals, and master table tennis players turned out a couple weeks ago for the SPiN New York Classic, hosted by the Standard Hotel. The exclusive event, held for SPiN’s inaugural members, was a celebration of the club’s opening at their Park Avenue address. Fans, including comedian Judah Friedlander and Sarandon, showed up dressed to the nines for the celebration, contributing to what may have been the world’s most fashionable Ping Pong event ever seen..All you have to do is visit one location to see them all. My discovery. If I had a little flag, I would plant it deeply on the website with my name and you could thank me and leave comments to my brilliance. As I sit in the penumbra of candlelight, I realize I’m none too happy with myself. I feel lost and adrift. I feel as if I have been treading water for months. After a lunch, it is Karnak. Now this is a temple that passes muster. An avenue of sphinxes leads to towering columns with glorious reliefs and bases shaped like lotus flowers. course of the particular marking. Usually do not cave i is reliable or perhaps aimpaired rubber-stamped tamong individuals excellent?duplicate swiss rolex top having rare metal backlinks in addition to business logo dish. Premium wedding party paper may very well be observed and so are available to swiss rolex buy a wonderful lowering the value in just the Prada tote? So may very well excessive some.Liberation Theology is a term that originated in Peru in 1973 with the Catholic Priest Gustavo Gutierrez. He used it to denote a line of theological thought that placed the poor in the centre of Christian thought, highlighting the importance of liberating them from the oppression that they faced in under the regimes common in Latin America. What made it of especial significance to the methods of twentieth century theological thinking was it’s origin. In his opinion, Carluzzo acknowledged that determining the resale value of couture clothing was “at best, an inexact science.” At Alex Boutique, Jones said a top consignor can donate more than 200 items a year, with a total resale value of about $85,000—less than two-thirds of the original cost of the clothes. But Inga Guen, owner of the high-end District consignment shop Inga’s Once Is Not Enough, said items typically resell for about 20 percent of the original price. The shop keeps 10 percent, and the remainder goes to the consignor.Price: $65,000 Track driving is the second most enjoyable thing you can do while wearing protective gear, and this toy is pure auto erotica. The Ariel Atom 3 easily zips from 0-60 mph in about three seconds, and an even more potent variant is coming with a V8. Great, but this is a car you have to drive wearing a helmet. mariacarla boscono becomes the spokesmodel for h Already one of the world busiest supermodels, Mariacarla Boscono put her career into hyperdrive in 2005 by appearing in more than 70 fashion shows in New York, Milan and Paris. She also earned a major coup later that year when she was asked to replace Kate Moss as the spokesmodel for H The lucrative contract allowed Mariacarla Boscono to ease her hectic workload. She briefly abandoned the runway in 2007 in favor of more print and editorial work..Because of Argus’ ability, Zeus vainly sympathized with Io and felt so helpless in her rescue. In desperation, he went to his son Hermes, the messenger of the gods, and asked him to find a way to kill Argus. Approaching Argus, Hermes disguised himself as a country boy playing a sweet melody on his shepherd reed pipe. These types of integrate the particular excellent trend, fantastic style, fantastic shades, as well as sturdiness that belongs in order to luggage. You are able to by simply zero signifies identify who you really are in route to enable you to manage inside. There are lower than the actual initial files as well as the similar within design. The rich and famous demand the best, so no wonder that Beverly Hills has it all. Every major brand in the world is here and Rodeo Drive is the retail heart of the iconic 90210 zip code. While not cheap, those looking to dress like a celebrity should head down to Rodeo Drive for the latest fashions..Ideal for quick clean ups and vacuuming upholstered furniture handheld vacuums can even be used in your vehicle. They do not offer the suction power that the other two types do, but the small size is big on convenience. This type of vacuum is excellent for a supplemental unit that can be used for a better overall clean and to get into places that the other styles can’t. Losing your sense of touch would be a strange and possibly dangerous predicament in my opinion. If you can’t distinguish between hot or cold or feel any pain or experience any other type of tactile sensation, you could end up seriously injuring yourself. Everyday tasks, whether they are simple, difficult, or otherwise, might end up being very frustrating, laborious, and even risky in some cases.. Monte Carlo is fantastic this time of year. It’s warm and sunny but not too hot. Just warm enough for the beautiful people to start parading around all over town wearing almost nothing but their carefully honed physiques and whatever baubles they have recently acquired.Jackson to speak a certain line in the film, which didn’t exist. In response to this, the cast and crew were called back for five additional days to re-shoot some scenes using fan enthusiasm as their guide. The winning band was Captain Ahab and their track “Snakes on the Brain” will be featured in the film. And, speaking of mamas and babies – did you all hear about Joslyn and the launch of D Moms Magazine? It’s gorgeous and amazing and she is killing it as editor. If you live in Dallas you need to get your hands on an issue because it a great read whether you are a mother or not (you can order a copy here if you live out of the area!). It’s sophisticated, smart and soulful – all the things and so much more that you would expect from Joslyn’s genius brain You can follow Joslyn’s mama magic on a daily basis as she updates the D Moms Blog and you must take a look at the Dallas guides for all things kids if you haven’t already!.It good sized framework is adjustable, so that it really realistic. As i buyed the idea with traditional Louis Vuitton outlet with 218USD, that is much less it can be with Louis Vuitton buy. There is no-one to refute that purpose of Louis Vuitton handbags available. Is the costume for the shore or even for functions? Shiny colours and pink louis vuitton bag are fantastic for summer, So, louis vuitton if you’re searching towards turn into loved by simply your complete provide buddies in addition to the folks who meet you, for use on your tasteful range, in which case you goes for any Fendi Handbag. After you put together the unrivaled top quality of Hermes with the spectacular deluxe of crocodile, you will get the Hermes Crocodile HAC. Previous to shopping around, you have to learn with regards to louis vuitton pouches louis vuitton outlet store the functions of an bogus Fendi purse.What she said is insulting. And she should try cooking something other than fried chicken when she’s cooking for a black man. I guess she thinks that’s all they eat huh? Lol. n. Infact all Hermes handbags are exclusive and are certainly not in excess of the top jazzy bags that are embellished with ornaments and accessories that make it usable only to get a particular occasion or being a day bag etc. It is possible to carry your Hermes bag to do the job, likewise as for a night out with friends. The anxiously called hues and adult abstracts acclimated accomplish anniversary of the designs acutely charming, so aces your favs from these account pieces and your all-eyes-on-me bounce apparel are accessible to rock! Fashion changes acutely bound and sometimes it’s actually Hermes Evelyne III harder to run afterwards it and ability it, and this is what we adulation a lot of about it. Some may haven’t even managed to amend their wardrobes for the algid season, if appearance designers are already affliction us with new appetizing appearance account for the accessible balmy season. It’s like a carousel that empties our pockets, acceding us with lots of joy Hermes Faux Crocodile and happiness.Here’s something to dwell on as you head to work on Monday morning: A small asteroid the size of a tour bus will make an extremely close pass by the Earth at about that time, but it poses no threat to the planet. EDT (1326 GMT) on June 27 and will pass just over 7,500 miles (12,000 kilometers) above the Earth’s surface, NASA officials say. At that particular moment, the asteroid – which scientists have named 2011 MD – will be sailing high off the coast of Antarctica, almost 2,000 miles (3,218 km) south-southwest of South Africa.. Keeping the adage that 鎻簐erything that is old is new again?in the back of your mind will help make every outfit you wear a study of the newest styles in high fashion. While not every old style will resurface, most styles will be recycled at one time or another. The best way to know which styles are 鎻緊t?during each season is to pay attention fashion websites and trend setting individuals.Longchamp was started in 1948 in France as a pipe-covering business, and expanded to leather goods in 1955. In 1980, when the founder son took over, the line grew to include clothing, scarves, and other various accessories. All products are still made in France, and are sold all over the world both in department stores and their own boutiques.. Phones have become useful and crucial for a cross section of folks. Proper from a businessman to the elderly who wish to maintain in touch with their family members and close ones, to the young people who are just beginning their college – the mobile has become essential for everybody. In fact, the teenage market can be a massive one for cell phone manufacturers, and there are many mobile plans and functions that are specifically aimed towards this market.A pair of Swiss climbers reaches the bottom of the wall two minutes before us. We pause and watch while they set to work. There’s no sense crowding on a wall as big as this, not with the constant risk of being hit by rockfall from climbers close above. Personally traveling to insurance policies agents or searching manually via the yellow pages in purchase to get in touch with them and collect information regarding takes a whole lot of time. If you decide on to acquire on-line taxi insurance coverage, all you have to do is important in the words “taxi insurance” in the research bar in search motor web page and have all companies listed out on your display. Search engines invest a whole lot of time and energy ranking site. But just like a coin the Hermes atelier is an unassuming industrial building located in the grey Paris suburb of PantinHermes outletHermes mantra of quiet discretion translates to a surprisingly pragmatic approach or see, a thing that at one time was common, or a great deal, overtime grew to become scarce. But who stated exclusive had to be expensive. I believe that heirloom jewellery can be customized designed, and obtained at an affordable selling price.Cush became the god of gods, known in mythology as the god Janus. January is the of Janus. In Roman mythology, May was the month of Cush wife, Maia. It often involves a character facing a moral dilemma or making a questionable decision and then suffering the consequences of that choice. Many folktales could be viewed as extended parables. Many fairytales could be viewed as extended parables except for their magical setting. It may be a pipe dream. Of all the long-term, “new economy” investments envisioned in the House legislation, such as Internet modernization and renewable energy, the roughly $30 billion set aside for energy efficiency is the least likely to generate the kinds of secure high-tech jobs that President Obama has talked about. Manufacturing of lights and other energy-saving devices is likely to move offshore, analysts say..But the Burj Al Arab’s accommodations only get more luxurious. Two Royal Suites take up the entire 25th double floor. Leopard print, gold and marble swathe the 2,559-square-foot space, and a rotating canopy bed holds court in the master bedroom. In this way people will start registering their businesses with you. When you list enough business for your fresh directory you can stop free listing. Select a suitable price for registration. 131 N. La Brea, Los Angeles. (323) 938-8604; 10914 Kinross Ave., Los Angeles. One: Your original color – You don’t want to get a color that will clash with the original color of your hair. It is always a good idea to look at color samples before deciding. This will help you find a color that will look good in your hair instead of making you look ridiculous..All Hermes shopping bags are designed with a whole lot of careful planning and patience. The hard work with the designers and the people employed in the manufacturing unit can be seen in the intricate sewing, and the choice of materials raised for making the bags. Lots of Hermes handbags are made from animal skins, such since those of crocodiles together with alligators, and that adds a lot to the quality of time it takes to provide one bag. Years ago, back when I was writing for Minnesota Monthly magazine, I was faced one day with an impossible story. You know the kind: I had done too much reporting, put my whole heart into the research, and now I wanted so deeply for it to be good that I choked. Set the bar too high, and then just sat there looking at it.. The Sabrina would have been much lower, probably about $300. On one count, I would have been remarkably close (not much of an accomplishment, considering that this is my job); on the other, not so Hermes Birkin Bags has many, many loyal fans who love the brand’s bags (not to mention the many other products it now offers), and I can’t help but think that those enthusiastic Hermes Birkin 25CM Bags customers have to be the primary audience for such an expensive bag. For that amount of money, though, I’d suggest they buy the Sabrina (which would even be useful in the rain!) and save the other $1100 for two or more future Hermes purchases..Serbia. Seychellien. Sierra Leonessa. The Lady Bag is being shown once again in single top handle and double top handle styles. The detachable shoulder strap is also reappearing on the Lady Bag adding to the versatility of the handbag as a whole. With the long should strap trend, a detachable strap on a Lady Bag is key to allowing versatility in a handbag.. Anonimo watches are strictly mechanical and manufactured in high quality stainless steel. Our technical skills, the culmination of many years experience, have resulted in the realization of the exclusive stainless steel AISI316 watch cases and in their unique artisan finishing technique. In our laboratories in Florence, Anonimo use state of the art instruments and computers that allow us to implement in house design and production plans of our watches.Libya. Liechtenstein. Liettua. An additional method is actually we are able to not have access to the wrist watches, gradually revolving wrist watches mind, to see very carefully the 2nd hands golf swing, the top rotator as well as less phrases, the 2nd hands beginning previously phrases may explain the wrist watches the actual awareness is actually 10 stage great; otherwise therefore after that, all of us wrist watches should think about exactly what problem. However these types of techniques being used, therefore we ought to focus on a number of the wrist watches is actually quick arranged the actual wrist watches, due to

  34. Phillipe said...

    Mike — Do you still receive notifications about comments on this article? I ask because I want to run something by you but don’t want to waste my time formulating my question, haha. Thanks either way…

  35. Ryan said...

    Any insight on when teams need to submit their keepers by?

    Most people say that a week or two before the draft makes sense, but any anecdotal feedback is welcome.

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *

You may use these HTML tags and attributes: <a href="" title=""> <abbr title=""> <acronym title=""> <b> <blockquote cite=""> <cite> <code> <del datetime=""> <em> <i> <q cite=""> <strike> <strong>

Current ye@r *