Padres or pumpkins?by Geoff Young
May 26, 2010
One of the bigger surprises early in 2010 has been the San Diego Padres. Picked by many experts to finish last in the National League West and perhaps rank among the worst teams in all of baseball. Eight weeks into the season, the Padres own a 26-18 record and lead the division by a game over the Los Angeles Dodgers.
The Padres have succeeded despite a lack overwhelming name-brand talent. Among other things, their pitching has been much better than anyone had a right to expect (125 ERA+ through May 23, as compared to 85 ERA+ in 2009).
Let's take a closer look at the Padres' hot start, using THT Forecasts (Oliver) as the basis for our discussion. This will help us understand how they got to where they are now and what the immediate future might hold.
Actual: .256/.351/.378, 106 OPS+
Hundley is splitting time behind the plate with veteran Yorvit Torrealba, who is also enjoying surprising success (.286/.368/.390). In the past, I have compared Hundley to Ron Karkovice and Jason LaRue—guys who don't hit for much average but who occasionally knock mistakes a long way.
We're still dealing with a tiny sample (95 PA), but Hundley's walk rate and strikeout rate have improved, which is a good sign. Hundley probably can't maintain his current levels (nor can Torrealba), but this isn't crazy production.
Actual: .284/.401/.503, 154 OPS+
Gonzalez is doing what he typically does. He has gone through his customary dry period (hitting .161/.266/.214 in 65 PA from April 29 to May 16 while battling a right shoulder injury) before rebounding to win NL Player of the Week (.444/.559/.778 from May 17 to May 23). Among big leaguers, Gonzalez ranks second only to Albert Pujols in intentional walks. This is hardly surprising given the relative (in)ability of his surrounding cast to do significant damage.
What is surprising is that talk of an imminent trade to a contender has died, or at least taken a nap. The fact that the Boston Red Sox, presumed favorite in the presumed sweepstakes, currently find themselves in fourth place in the American League East, 8.5 games back of the Tampa Bay Rays, may be an additional factor.
Gonzalez has performed in line with preseason expectations, and it is reasonable to think he will continue doing so as long as he remains in San Diego. If he does move, it's worth noting that he's hitting .333/.414/.609 on the road this year (comparable to the .306/.402/.643 he posted away from Petco Park in 2009).
Actual: .310/.370/.405, 119 OPS+
Is Eckstein playing over his head? Well, he is very short. In all seriousness, his career highs in the slash stats are .309/.363/.395. Those all came in different seasons. Eckstein's best single season featured a .293/.363/.388 performance... eight years ago. He can't hit like this all year, and eventually we'll all be subjected to the same tired observations that pass for witticism in certain circles, but so far, Eckstein's performance has been a definite driver in the Padres' early success.
Actual: .286/.333/.377, 100 OPS+
Headley is hitting for more batting average and less power than Oliver predicted. Overall, though, he's contributing about what was expected. Actually, Oliver had Headley stealing seven bases this season; he's currently at nine. Headley was one of the young Padres I thought would emerge this year, but so far it hasn't happened.
If nothing else, Headley has enjoyed greater success in 2010 than his predecessor, Kevin Kouzmanoff. Beyond the fact that Headley draws a walk at least once a week, the actual gap in defensive performance has been much smaller than the perceived gap, as expressed by those who thought Kouzmanoff deserved the NL Gold Glove in 2009 on the basis of his three errors:
PA BA OBP SLG OPS+ BB/PA ISO FPct RF/9 Headley 192 .286 .333 .377 100 .073 .091 .952 2.77 Kouzmanoff 180 .265 .294 .359 78 .033 .094 .967 2.81
Actual: .212/.257/.283, 52 OPS+
I'm not sure which is more shocking: that Oliver projected such a weak sophomore campaign from one of 2009's better rookies or that Cabrera isn't even meeting those meager expectations. It would be convenient to blame Cabrera's slow start on injuries, but in truth, he was struggling even before he landed on the disabled list.
I have expressed concern that Cabrera could follow the Mike Caruso path into oblivion, although Caruso had miserable secondary skills. The Padres aren't getting any production from this position, but Oliver didn't expect them to, so they're not really losing ground here.
Jerry Hairston Jr., who logged significant time at shortstop while Cabrera was on the shelf, hasn't done anything either. He's hitting .225/.268/.271 (53 OPS+) in 141 plate appearances. Padres shortstops have combined for a .208/.270/.277 line so far, which is like their pitchers (.234/.302/.299), only not quite as good.
Actual: .157/.283/.324, 71 OPS+
Blanks has been a disaster. He is currently on the disabled list with an elbow injury. He is also in the midst of an 0-for-23 drought; going back even further, Blanks has hit .102/.221/.203 in 68 plate appearances (with 32 strikeouts) since April 20. He remains a talented young hitter, albeit one who needs to make an adjustment, but right now he isn't contributing at all to the Padres' success.
Blanks' replacement, Scott Hairston, was doing a nice job (.247/.357/.494, 137 OPS+) before also landing on the DL. San Diego left fielders are hitting .176/.283/.302 on the season. Clearly they are not responsible for the club's fast start. They are also capable of performing better than what they've shown to date.
Tony Gwynn Jr.
Actual: .183/.294/.257, 57 OPS+
At some point, the Padres must address the simple fact that Gwynn cannot hit big-league pitching. As long as the winning continues, however, they can delay that uncomfortable moment.
Gwynn provides a good (not great, as some metrics would lead you to believe) glove in center, but the lack of offense is a problem. He has a solid understanding of the strike zone and is learning to use his speed. But unless he can keep defenses honest with the occasional well-struck ball, he's destined to follow in the footsteps of Sean Burroughs, another son-of-a-big leaguer who once called San Diego home. Still, even I, for all my pessimism, didn't foresee this kind of performance. The Padres almost have to get more production out of center field going forward.
Actual: .233/.311/.421, 105 OPS+
Venable has exceeded Oliver's modest expectations. The batting average is almost dead on, but his power and on-base skills have been better than projected. He's also swiped 12 bases in 13 attempts (Oliver predicted nine for the year). Venable is playing reasonably well, but his overall numbers aren't strong enough to give the Padres a significant push toward respectability.
Oliver: 3.69 ERA, 6.2 K/9
Actual: 2.73 ERA, 6.6 K/9, 136 ERA+
Richard has been a pleasant surprise. He is prone to bouts of wildness and the occasional big inning, but generally has been more effective than anticipated. Among other things, his ERA is a full three runs lower than that of the man for whom he was traded last summer, Jake Peavy. That isn't likely to continue—Peavy is a better pitcher—but the fact that right now Richard is performing like a front-line starter has contributed to San Diego's early success.
Oliver: 3.21 ERA, 7.3 K/9
Actual: 3.09 ERA, 6.8 K/9, 121 ERA+
At the end of April, Latos was 1-2 with a 6.20 ERA. Opponents were hitting .289/.337/.542 against the young right-hander and there was speculation that he might be shipped back to Triple-A for more seasoning. Since then, Latos has gone 3-1 with a 1.29 ERA. During that stretch, he has held hitters to a .154/.194/.211 line and come within inches of a perfect game.
Granted, four of his five May starts have come against the Astros, Giants and Mariners—teams not renowned for their offensive ability. Then again, if we're going to penalize Latos for dominating weak hitters, we also need to give him extra credit for working into the seventh at Seattle despite pitching with a migraine.
The Oliver projection for Latos struck me as wildly optimistic before the season started (a 3.21 ERA would have placed him 14th in the NL last year), and although he's matched it thus far, most other systems had his ERA around 4.00. Latos may not be surprising Oliver, but he's surprising a great many people, myself included. His early-season performance has exceeded expectations and helped the Padres do the same.
Latos is still young (and thus unpredictable) and must prove that he can take down stronger opponents. Whether and when that will happen remain open questions. The answers will go a long way toward determining the Padres' fate for the rest of 2010.
Oliver: 4.12 ERA, 4.7 K/9
Actual: 2.38 ERA, 4.6 K/9, 157 ERA+
Garland's ERA is crazy. The seven unearned runs help (no pitcher has allowed more than Garland since 2007; the Padres as a team have allowed 11 total all year), but even accounting for those, his RA is 3.57—even in his freakish 2005 campaign, Garland never did that. His uncharacteristic performance thus far has played a significant role in the Padres' fast start. More than 1,800 innings of 4.42 ERA coming into the season say he won't stay at this level. And when Garland returns to his comfort zone, the Padres may well follow suit.
Oliver: 4.14 ERA, 6.6 K/9
Actual: 4.57 ERA, 7.5 K/9, 82 ERA+
Correia is a little worse than but within shouting distance of his projection. He has been reliable, working between five and six innings in all eight of his starts. Correia's performance is enough in line with expectations that it hasn't had much impact on the Padres' early success.
Oliver: 3.97 ERA, 7.1 K/9
Actual: 3.32 ERA, 6.9 K/9, 113 ERA+
LeBlanc has been brilliant in the absence of Chris Young, who landed on the DL after his first start of the season and whose return to the rotation remains uncertain. LeBlanc sported a 1.54 ERA before getting shelled on Friday in Seattle. Not only was he not expected to pitch as well as he has, he wasn't even supposed to be in the rotation.
LeBlanc probably won't remain at his current levels for long (although he shouldn't be as bad as he was in his last start). As with Latos and Garland, the Padres have gotten more than they could have expected from LeBlanc. The fact that all three pitchers are due to experience some regression may not bode well for San Diego's short-term prospects.
Oliver: 3.15 ERA, 9.1 K/9
Actual: 0.95 ERA, 11.4 K/9, 399 ERA+
Bell's performance at the back end of the bullpen has been stellar. He won't keep up his current pace, because nobody pitches like this. In what is becoming a recurring theme, when he regresses, expect a few more losses for the team.
One curious aspect of Bell's early-season success is the difference between how he pitches with runners on and with the bases empty:
PA BA OBP SLG BB SO Bases empty 43 .342 .419 .500 5 10 Runners on 36 .147 .167 .176 1 14His career numbers in both situations are nearly identical, so this is probably a small-sample anomaly, but it is intriguing nonetheless.
Oliver: 3.16 ERA, 8.9 K/9
Actual: 1.90 ERA, 9.9 K/9, 198 ERA+
Yet another Padres hurler who is outpacing his projection, Gregerson has been downright abusive. Opponents are hitting .125/.145/.200 against the right-hander. At one point early in the season, he retired 26 consecutive batters before allowing a bloop single off the bat of Florida's Gaby Sanchez.
Oliver: 4.09 ERA, 7.2 K/9
Actual: 3.43 ERA, 8.6 K/9, 110 ERA+
Despite allowing an alarming 2.6 HR/9, Mujica has managed to put up better-than-predicted numbers. Like Bell, he has crazy empty/on splits:
PA BA OBP SLG BB SO Bases empty 55 .250 .291 .615 3 12 Runners on 25 .160 .160 .280 0 8All six homers Mujica has coughed up have been solo shots. Although he isn't an integral part of the bullpen, he soaks up low-leverage innings, which helps keep the big guns ready for more critical situations.
Oliver: 3.04 ERA, 9.3 K/9
Actual: 3.72 ERA, 10.2 K/9, 101 ERA+
Adams had the fifth best ERA+ in baseball over the past two years among pitchers who worked at least 100 innings (behind Jonathan Papelbon, Joakim Soria, Joe Nathan, and Mariano Rivera), so expectations were understandably high. The only thing standing in Adams' way has been health. That hasn't been an issue so far, but consistency has.
Adams blew one save in 2009. He's already blown two this year. Again, the samples are small, but he has been the anti-Bell in terms of performance with runners on base:
PA BA OBP SLG BB SO Bases empty 52 .102 .154 .163 3 18 Runners on 25 .333 .440 .667 4 4Going back a little further, this appears to be a pattern with Adams:
Bases empty Runners on Year PA BA OBP SLG BB SO PA BA OBP SLG BB SO 2008 153 .169 .229 .275 11 46 106 .269 .317 .452 8 28 2009 93 .091 .140 .114 5 35 43 .158 .220 .237 3 10 2010 52 .102 .154 .163 3 18 25 .333 .440 .571 4 4I don't know what this says other than maybe Bud Black could be more careful about bringing Adams in during the middle of an inning. Whatever the case, Adams is one of the few pitchers on the Padres staff who is not performing to his capabilities. He hasn't been causing the team to play over its head, and he could improve.
Oliver: 3.68 ERA, 6.3 K/9
Actual: 0.39 ERA, 7.3 K/9, 976 ERA+
Before undergoing an emergency appendectomy that has put him on the shelf, Stauffer was one of the more surprising stories of the young season. With his career seemingly over, the former first rounder made 14 starts for a Padres team desperate for pitching in 2009 and did well enough to merit another look this year. He shifted to a new role and proceeded to carve up big-league hitters like he never had (and, no, that 976 ERA+ is not a typo).
Stauffer's early success played a big role in that of the Padres. Not only did he soak up innings in relief, he also came through with five strong innings against the Astros on May 9 in place of Correia, who missed a start due to the unexpected death of his younger brother.
In a nutshell, the Padres have gotten where they are by pitching way over their heads. On the mound, everyone except Correia and Adams has pitched better than expected. Several have been better by a lot. Padres fans should enjoy the 125 ERA+ but not get used to it. (The last time a team had an ERA+ that high over a full season was 2005, when the White Sox finished at 125 and won the World Series.)
On offense, most guys are more or less performing as expected. Catcher and second base have been pleasant surprises, offset by the not-so-pleasant surprises in left and center field. The Padres aren't likely to make any appreciable gains (or losses) in this area. Their base stealing acumen probably helps (they lead MLB with 52 SB as of this writing, at a 78 percent success rate).
Even if the Padres cannot maintain their current pace (.591 WPct, or about 96 wins), they certainly appear to be better than the 75 wins I figured they'd notch this year. How much better will be a function of how far the pitchers regress. They got awfully high in two months. Four months is plenty of time to take a big fall.
Geoff Young covers the San Diego Padres at Ducksnorts and is a contributor to Baseball Prospectus. Feel free to send Geoff comments via email.